The ancient Scottish name Chiva was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The original bearer of the name lived in the old barony in the parish of Tarves, Aberdeenshire
. The name Chiva comes from Gaelic seamhas,
meaning "a narrow place in a river."
Early Origins of the Chiva family
The surname Chiva was first found in Tarves, Aberdeenshire
. Some of the earliest records of the family include: John Chivas, who had a safe conduct to study at Oxford in 1393, and William Shivas, who was a Physician and Astrologer, Archbishop of St. Andrews in 1477. Later, John Scheves was forgiven on a charge of murder in 1526. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
William Schevez or Schives (died 1497) was "Archbishop of St. Andrews, is supposed to have descended from a family that adopted the name from the estate of Schevez in Aberdeenshire. One John de Schevez was clerk to James I in 1426, and may have been the patron through whose influence William Schevez was introduced to the court." CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
Early History of the Chiva family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chiva research.Another 115 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1801, 1843, 1850, 1648, 1647 and 1759 are included under the topic Early Chiva History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chiva Spelling Variations
The many spelling variations
in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Chiva has been spelled Shivas, Shives, Chivas, Shivis, Shivez, Shivers, Shevas and many more.
Early Notables of the Chiva family (pre 1700)
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chiva Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chiva family to Ireland
Some of the Chiva family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chiva family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland
, many decided to head out for North America. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan
organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were: Samuel Shiva who was on record in Boston Massachusetts in 1651; Richard Shevers, who was in the records of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1694; James and Henry Shivers, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1847.
The Chiva Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute non vi
Motto Translation: By virtue not by force.
Chiva Family Crest Products
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print