Chidlaw History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the name Chidlaw date back to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from their residence in the township of Chidlow, which was in the parish of Malpas in Cheshire. The surname Chidlaw belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Chidlaw family
The surname Chidlaw was first found in Devon at Chudleigh, a market-town and parish, in the union of Newton-Abbott, hundred of Exminster, Teignbridge. "This place, anciently called Chidleighe, was the residence of the bishops of Exeter, who had a sumptuous palace, of which there are some small remains."  
The parish dates back to at least c. 1150 when it was named Ceddelegam, and literally means "clearing of a man called Ciedda," or "clearing in a hollow," from the Old English personal name or Old English word "ceod(e)" + "leah." 
"Half a mile from the town is Chudleigh Rock, a stupendous mass of limestone, in which is a cavern of considerable extent; and near it are very perfect remains of an elliptical encampment, supposed from its form to be of Danish origin, but, from its proximity to a Roman road, to have been previously occupied by that people." 
Early History of the Chidlaw family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chidlaw research. Another 73 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1578, 1658, 1601, 1625, 1606, 1634, 1628, 1629, 1618, 1643, 1656, 1710, 1612 and 1691 are included under the topic Early Chidlaw History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chidlaw Spelling Variations
Chidlaw has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Chidlaw have been found, including Chudleigh, Chudley, Chidley, Chiderleigh, Chidelly, Chudley and many more.
Early Notables of the Chidlaw family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Sir George Chudleigh, 1st Baronet (c.1578-1658), an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1601 and 1625, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; Sir John Chudleigh (1606-1634), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1628 to 1629; Major-General James Chudleigh (c.1618 -...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chidlaw Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chidlaw family to Ireland
Some of the Chidlaw family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chidlaw family
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Chidlaws to arrive on North American shores: Catherine Chidley who settled in Virginia in 1685; John Chidley settled in Virginia in 1737.
Contemporary Notables of the name Chidlaw (post 1700) +
- General Benjamin Wiley Chidlaw (1900-1977), American Commander-in-Chief of Continental Air Defense Command (1954-1955) 
Related Stories +
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Benjamin Chidlaw. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Chidlaw/Benjamin_Wiley/USA.html