Chetham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Chetham name has descended through the generations from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. Their name comes from having lived in Cheetham, in the county of Lancashire. It is from the place-name Cheetham that the family name is derived.

Early Origins of the Chetham family

The surname Chetham was first found in Lancashire at Cheetham, a township, in the parish and union of Manchester, hundred of Salford. [1] Now part of Greater Manchester, Cheetham dates back to the late 12th century and literally meant "homestead or village by the wood called Chet," from the Celtic word "ced" meaning "forest" and the Old English word "ham." [2] The ancient archeological site Cheetham Close, a megalithic site and scheduled ancient monument is nearby and is generally thought to have been a druidical ritual place with a Roman road passed 'within two hundred yards' of the megalith. As far as the surname is concerned, one of the first records was Geoffrey de Chetham who was listed in the Assize Rolls of Lancashire in 1246. Over one hundred years later, Thomas de Cheteham was listed in Lancashire in 1394. [3] Another branch of the family was found at Allerton in Lancashire. "At the time of the Domesday Survey, three thanes held 'Alretune;' which was in the possession of Geoffrey de Chetham in the reign of Henry III." [1]

Important Dates for the Chetham family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetham research. Another 58 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1580, 1653, 1580, 1648, 1653, 1640 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Chetham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chetham Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Chetham has undergone many spelling variations, including Chetham, Cheetham, Cheetam, Cheetum and others.

Early Notables of the Chetham family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir Edward Chetham; and Colonel John Chetham of Southhill House in Somerset, from a branch of the Derbyshire family. Humphrey Chetham, (1580-1653), was founder of the Chetham Hospital and Library, fifth son of Henry Chetham of Crumpsall Hall, near Mandiester, a prosperous merchant of that town. He was baptised at the collegiate church of Manchester on 10 July 1580. He received his education at the Manchester grammar school under Dr. Thomas Cogan. "For several years before his death he had 'taken up and maintained' twenty-two poor boys of Manchester, Salford, and Droylsden; and...
Another 99 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chetham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Chetham family to Ireland

Some of the Chetham family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chetham migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Chetham were among those contributors:

Chetham Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Philip Chetham, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1811

Chetham migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chetham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Edward Chetham, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship "Harrington"
  • Alfred Chetham, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841 aboard the ship Harrington
  • Alfred Chetham, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Harrington" in 1841
  • Edward Chetham, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Harrington" in 1841
  • Mr. E. Chetham, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Harrington" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 15th June 1841 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Chetham (post 1700)

  • Humphrey Chetham (1580-1653), English merchant and philanthropist
  • Sir Milne Chetham,
  • Sir Nicholas Chetham,
  • John Chetham, Secretary of the Exchequer

Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
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