Cherlwoode History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Cherlwoode is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when a family lived in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex and Surrey which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." [1]

Early Origins of the Cherlwoode family

The surname Cherlwoode was first found in West Sussex, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter." [2] Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey and Sussex.

Important Dates for the Cherlwoode family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherlwoode research. Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1592, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherlwoode History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cherlwoode Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Cherlwoode family name include Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.

Early Notables of the Cherlwoode family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, (d. 1592) a prominent printer during the 1500s. He 'seems to have printed so early as Queen Mary's reign, in a temporary partnership with John Tysdale at the Saracen's Head, near Holbourn Conduit.' [3] "Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on...
Another 51 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherlwoode Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cherlwoode family

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Cherlwoode surname or a spelling variation of the name include : Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.

Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
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