Cherleswold is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in the village and parish of Charlwood on the border of Sussex
which dates back to at least the 12th century when it was first listed as Cherlewde. Literally the place name means "wood of the freeman or peasants," from the Old English words "ceorl" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Cherleswold family
The surname Cherleswold was first found in West Sussex
, where Charlwood House is an early 17th-century timber-framed country house in Lowfield Heath, Crawley. "This place was the scene of a sanguinary battle between the Danes and the men of Surrey
and Sussex, that occurred near a bridge since called Kilman Bridge, and in which the Danes were defeated with great slaughter." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Today Charlwood is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey
, but is on the historic county boundary between Surrey
Early History of the Cherleswold family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cherleswold research.Another 328 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1500, 1779, 1800, 1500, 1591 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Cherleswold History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cherleswold Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Cherleswold family name include Charlwood, Cherleswode, Charlewood, Charlwode, Charlwoode and many more.
Early Notables of the Cherleswold family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Charlwood, a prominent printer during the 1500s. 'Charlewood apparently came from Surrey, as on Jan. 12, 1591, we find him taking as an apprentice "Gefthe Franch Charlwood, son... Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cherleswold Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherleswold family to Ireland
Some of the Cherleswold family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cherleswold family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Cherleswold surname or a spelling variation of the name include: Richard Charlwood who arrived in Virginia in 1658.