Chaloner History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The surname Chaloner is derived from the Old English word "chaloun," which means "blanket." This word comes from the place named Châlons-sur-Marne, a prosperous industrial center in Europe, where these items were produced. 
The name is thought to have been occupational a chaloner,' a manufacturer or seller of chalons, woollen stuffs, especially coverlets or blankets. 
"In his owen chambre he made a bedde with shetes, and with chalons fair yspredde," Chaucer, Reve's Tale.
Early Origins of the Chaloner family
The surname Chaloner was first found in Powys (Welsh: Powys), a Welsh Kingdom in post-Roman times, now a county of Wales created by joining the former counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Breconshire, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
By the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the name was scattered: Geoffrey le Chaloner, Essex; Thomas le Chalunner, Cambridgeshire; and Nicholas le Chalouner, Derbyshire. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included: Elilabetha Chaloner, 1379; Ricardus Schaloner, coverht-wever; Adam Chalonar, coverlid-uvfer. The last two entries are very interesting, connecting as they do the name with the trade. 
Years later in Scotland, Robert Chalonar held a tenement in Linlithow in 1472 and John Chalonare was a witness there in the same year. 
Important Dates for the Chaloner family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chaloner research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1472, 1558, 1521, 1565, 1559, 1615, 1595, 1661, 1691, 1781, 1650, 1699, 1699, 1643, 1643 and 1643 are included under the topic Early Chaloner History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chaloner Spelling Variations
Welsh surnames are relatively few in number, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. There are many factors that explain the preponderance of Welsh variants, but the earliest is found during the Middle Ages when Welsh surnames came into use. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, which often resulted in a single person's name being inconsistently recorded over his lifetime. The transliteration of Welsh names into English also accounts for many of the spelling variations: the unique Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh had many sounds the English language was incapable of accurately reproducing. It was also common for members of a same surname to change their names slightly, in order to signify a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations. For all of these reasons, the many spelling variations of particular Welsh names are very important. The surname Chaloner has occasionally been spelled Chaloner, Challener, Challenor, Challinor, Chalener, Chalenor, Challoner, Chalinor, Challon, Challin, Challen, Chalen, Chalin and many more.
Early Notables of the Chaloner family (pre 1700)
Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Sir Thomas Chaloner (1521-1565), an English statesman and poet, eldest son of Roger Chaloner, citizen and mercer of London, a member of an old Welsh family; Rev. Edward Chaloner, Chaplain to Charles I; Sir Thomas Chaloner (1559-1615), an English naturalist who introduced alum manufacturing to England; and Thomas Chaloner (1595-1661), an English politician, commissioner at the trial of Charles I and signatory to his death warrant.
Richard Challoner (1691-1781), was a Catholic prelate, son of Richard Challoner, a wine cooper at Lewes in Sussex. "Soon afterwards the father died, leaving his young...
Another 294 words (21 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chaloner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chaloner migration to the United States
The Welsh migration to North America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries contributed greatly to its rapid development. These migrants were in search of land, work, and freedom. Those Welsh families that survived the long ocean journey were critical to the development of new industries and factories, and to the quick settlement of land. They also added to an ever-growing rich cultural heritage. A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Chaloner:
Chaloner Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Morris Chaloner, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 
Chaloner Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Mrs. T. Chaloner, aged 36, who arrived in America, in 1893
- Mary Chaloner, aged 31, who arrived in America, in 1897
Chaloner Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Walter Chaloner, aged 40, who arrived in America, in 1905
- Samuel Chaloner, aged 39, who arrived in America from Farndar, England, in 1907
- Sydney Chaloner, aged 45, who arrived in America from Manchester, England, in 1907
- Joseph Chaloner, aged 29, who arrived in America from Farndar, England, in 1907
- Isabel Chaloner, aged 22, who arrived in America from Blackburn, England, in 1911
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Contemporary Notables of the name Chaloner (post 1700)
- William Gilbert Chaloner FRS (1928-2016), British palaeobotanist, Professor of Botany at Royal Holloway, University of London
- Richard Godolphin Walmesley Chaloner (1856-1938), 1st Baron Gisborough, born Richard Godolphin Walmesley Long, a British soldier and politician
- Thomas Weston Peel Long Chaloner (1889-1951), 2nd Baron Gisborough, an English landowner, soldier and peer
- Gary Chaloner (b. 1963), Australian comic book artist and writer for Marvel Comics, DC Comics and Dark Horse Comics
- Sir William Chaloner Burnaby (1746-1794), 2nd Baronet
- Chaloner Grenville Alabaster (1930-1941), son of Chaloner Grenville Alabaster, Attorney General of Hong Kong
- Chaloner Grenville Alabaster (1838-1898), English administrator in China, Consul General at Hankow, Wuhan (1880 to 1886)
- Sir Chaloner Ogle (1726-1816), 1st Baronet, British Admiral
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)