Chalmers History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

During that dark period of history known as the Middle Ages, the name of Chalmers was first used in France. Many names with Old French origins arrived in Scotland and England in the 11th century with the Norman Conquest. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in France, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Chalmers family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Chalmers was an occupational name for a servant in the bedroom of a nobleman. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old French word "chambre" which means room, and refers to someone of the title chamberlain, which later came to signify a more administrative office in noble households.

Early Origins of the Chalmers family

The surname Chalmers was first found in Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych), a historic county in Northeast Wales, created by the Laws in Wales Act 1536, where they held lands at Llewenne, granted to John de Chambre from the Earl of Lincoln, who was Constable of Chester. John was a "nobelle Normanne who entred Englaunde in ye traine of King Williaume."

One of the earliest records of the family was on the infamous side. John a Chamber or Chamberlayne (d. 1489), was an English rebel, "a knight of great influence in the north, excited the people to join the rebellion headed by Sir John Egremond in Northumberland and Durham against the heavy subsidy of 1489. Henry, Earl of Northumberland, who had orders to enforce the tax, endeavoured to persuade him to cease his agitation. Chamber would not hear him, and on 20 April the earl was slain by the rebels at Cock Lodge, near Thirsk. Then Thomas, Earl of Surrey, was sent to put down the insurrection. He took Chamber and utterly routed the rebels. Chamber was executed at York. " [1]

Important Dates for the Chalmers family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chalmers research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1465, 1472, 1491, 1726, 1796, 1775, 1530, 1592, 1645, 1703, 1691, 1694, 1696, 1702, 1664, 1546, 1604, 1546, 1592, 1609 and are included under the topic Early Chalmers History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chalmers Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Chambers, Chalmers, Chamer, Chalmairs, Challmers and others.

Early Notables of the Chalmers family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was David Chambers, Lord Ormond (1530?-1592), Scottish historian and judge, born in Ross-shire and educated at Aberdeen, where he took orders. Alexander Chalmers (1645-1703) was a Scottish resident of the Polish city of Warsaw, he served as a...
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chalmers Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Chalmers family to Ireland

Some of the Chalmers family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 214 words (15 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chalmers migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chalmers Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Marion Chalmers, who arrived in Perth Amboy, NJ in 1685 [2]
Chalmers Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Stephen Chalmers, who arrived in New Jersey in 1713
  • Stephen Chalmers, who settled in New Jersey in 1713
  • Patrick Chalmers who settled in Virginia in 1716
  • Patrick Chalmers, who arrived in Virginia in 1716 [2]
  • John Chalmers, who arrived in New York in 1785 [2]
Chalmers Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Chalmers, who arrived in New York in 1801 [2]
  • Mathew Chalmers, who landed in New York in 1803 [2]
  • James Chalmers, who landed in New York in 1810 [2]
  • Stewart Chalmers, aged 30, who landed in New York in 1812 [2]
  • I Chalmers, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chalmers migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chalmers Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Lt. Col. James Chalmers U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 [3]
Chalmers Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Isabella Chalmers, aged 60, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834
  • Christian Chalmers, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834
  • Nancy Chalmers, aged 13, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834

Chalmers migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Chalmers Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Christina Chalmers, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Bedford" in 1848 [4]
  • James Chalmers, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849 [5]
  • Louisa Chalmers, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Posthumous" in 1849 [6]
  • James Chalmers, aged 33, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Sir Thomas Gresham" [7]
  • George Chalmers, aged 19, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Sir Thomas Gresham" [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chalmers migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chalmers Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Chalmers, aged 31, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Isabella Chalmers, aged 29, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Alexander Chalmers, aged 9, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Janet Chalmers, aged 2, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Chalmers, aged 1, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Duchess of Argyle" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Chalmers (post 1700)

  • William Wallace Chalmers (1861-1944), American Republican politician, U.S. Representative from Ohio 9th District, 1921-23, 1925-31; Defeated, 1922 [8]
  • William Chalmers, American Republican politician, Chair of Warren County Republican Party, 1925-27 [8]
  • Thomas Chalmers, American politician, Member of New Hampshire State Senate 17th District, 1913-14 [8]
  • Rod Chalmers, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Minnesota, 1940 [8]
  • Robert Chalmers, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 15th District, 1871-73 [8]
  • Joseph Williams Chalmers (1807-1853), American Democrat politician, U.S. Senator from Mississippi, 1845-47 [8]
  • John Gordon Chalmers (1803-1847), American politician, Member of Virginia State Legislature; Texas Republic Secretary of the Treasury, 1841 [8]
  • James Ronald Chalmers (1831-1898), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1852; Delegate to Mississippi Secession Convention, 1861 [8]
  • Hugh Chalmers (1876-1928), American politician, Member of Arkansas State House of Representatives, 1921-24; Member of Arkansas State Senate 32nd District, 1927-28 [8]
  • Doug Chalmers, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Georgia, 2008 [8]
  • ... (Another 19 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Chalmers family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. David Chalmers, British Lead Writer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Blanche Chalmers, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [10]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DUKE OF BEDFORD 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848DukeofBedford.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CROMWELL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cromwell.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The POSTHUMOUS 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Posthumous.htm
  7. ^ South Australian Register Monday 20th March 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Sir Thomas Gresham 1858. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/sirthomasgresham1858.shtml.
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 9) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  10. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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