The surname Chalender is derived from the Old English word "chaloun," which means "blanket." This word comes from the place named Châlons-sur-Marne, a prosperous industrial center in Europe, where these items were produced. The name is thought to have been occupational
for someone who made or sold blankets or coverlets. The surname Chalender may also be a local
surname given to someone who came from this place.
Early Origins of the Chalender family
The surname Chalender was first found in Powys
(Welsh: Powys), a Welsh
Kingdom in post-Roman times, now a county of Wales
created by joining the former counties of Montgomeryshire
, and Breconshire
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Chalender family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chalender research.Another 305 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1472, 1558, 1521, 1565, 1559, 1615, 1595, 1661, 1650, 1699 and 1699 are included under the topic Early Chalender History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chalender Spelling Variations
There are relatively few surnames native to Wales
, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations
. Early variations of Welsh
surnames can be explained by the fact that very few people in the early Middle Ages were literate. Priests and the few other literate people were responsible for recording names in official documents. And because most people could not specific how to properly record their names it was up to the individual recorder of that time to determine how a spoken name should be recorded. Variations due to the imprecise or improper recording of a name continued later in history when names originally composed in the Brythonic Celtic
, language of Wales, known by natives as Cymraeg, were transliterated into English. Welsh
names that were documented in English often changed dramatically since the native language of Wales, which was highly inflected, did not copy well. Occasionally, however, spelling variations
were carried out according to an individual's specific design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by minor variations. The spelling variations of the name Chalender have included Chaloner, Challener, Challenor, Challinor, Chalener, Chalenor, Challoner, Chalinor, Challon, Challin, Challen, Chalen, Chalin and many more.
Early Notables of the Chalender family (pre 1700)
Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Sir Thomas Chaloner (1521-1565), an English statesman and poet; Rev. Edward Chaloner, Chaplain to Charles I; Sir Thomas Chaloner (1559-1615), an English naturalist who introduced alum manufacturing to England; and Thomas Chaloner (1595-1661), an English politician, commissioner at the trial of... Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chalender Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chalender family to the New World and Oceana
During the latter half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the people of Wales
journeyed to North America to find a new life. They made major contributions to the arts, industry and commerce of both Canada and the United States, and added a rich cultural heritage to their newly adopted societies. A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Chalender: Robert Challener who settled in Barbados in 1679 with his wife and servants; Thomas Challenor settled in Jamaica in 1684; Alexander Challinor settled in Virginia in 1698.