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The ancient history of the Cawthorn name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in Cawthorn, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, or in Cawthorne, in the West Riding. While the names are superficially similar,their origins are different. The village of Cawthorn was rendered as Caluetun in the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
and is derived from the Old English terms calf and tun, which means calf and enclosure, respectively. It meant the farm where calves are raised. The village of Cawthorne's name appeared as Caltorne in the Domesday Book. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old English terms cald and thorne, which mean cold and thorn tree, respectively. It meant exposed thorn tree, and probably indicated a location marked by a solitary thorn tree.

Cawthorn Early Origins



The surname Cawthorn was first found in Yorkshire, where the Cawthorn family held a family seat from ancient times. The first known bearer of the name was William de Calthorn, who was recorded in the 1175 in Yorkshire. The spelling of the name seems to indicate that this branch of the family originated in the West Riding village of Cawthorne, documented in the Domesday Book as "Caltorne." Over in Lancashire, Nether Wyersdale was an ancient family seat. "The ancestors of the late John Fenton Cawthorne, Esq., M. P. for Lancaster, are said to have held a portion of Wyersdale for six or seven hundred years; and George III. once contemplated the revival of the barony of Wyersdale in the person of Mr. Cawthorne, whom he intended to create lord Wyersdale. Wyreside, an elegant mansion, has long been the residence of the Cawthorne family." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
In nearby Over Wyersdale, a close branch of the family was found. "William Cawthorne, in 1683, gave a school-house, with a messuage, some land, and a rent-charge of 15, for which 30 boys are instructed; and another school has an allowance of 20 per annum from the Society of Friends." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

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Cawthorn Spelling Variations


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Cawthorn Spelling Variations



Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Cawthorn include Cawthorn, Cawthorne, Cauthorn, Cauthorne, Cawtharne, Cothern, Cothern, Cawthern and many more.

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Cawthorn Early History


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Cawthorn Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawthorn research. Another 309 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1175, 1273, 1379, 1719, 1788, 1605, 1659, 1719 and 1761 are included under the topic Early Cawthorn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cawthorn Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cawthorn Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cawthorn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Cawthorn or a variant listed above:

Cawthorn Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Jacob Cawthorn, who immigrated to Virginia in 1719

Cawthorn Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Chapman Cawthorn, who was naturalized in Illinois in 1858

Cawthorn Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Cawthorn, aged 19, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Shackamaxon" [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/shackamaxon1853.shtml.
  • Rebecca Cawthorn, aged 19, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Nimroud"

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cawthorn (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cawthorn (post 1700)



  • Joseph Cawthorn (1867-1949), American stage and screen actor who began his acting career at the age of four
  • R.W.T. "Tim" Cawthorn (b. 1933), Australian tennis player at Wimbledon (1958) and the Australian Open (1952, 1953, 1954), nephew of Walter Joseph Cawthorn
  • J.W.P. "Peter" Cawthorn (b. 1931), Australian professional tennis player at Wimbledon and the Australian Open who later later coached 8 Davis cup teams around the world, nephew of Walter Joseph Cawthorn
  • Major-General Sir Walter Joseph Cawthorn CBE CIE CB (1896-1970), Australian soldier and diplomat, former head of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS)
  • Samuel "Sam" Cawthorn (b. 1979), Australian motivational speaker, success coach, the 2009 Young Australian of the Year for Tasmania
  • Rachel Cawthorn (b. 1988), British bronze medalist sprint canoer at the 2010 World Championships

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Cawthorn Family Crest Products


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Cawthorn Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/shackamaxon1853.shtml.

Other References

  1. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  2. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  7. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  8. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  11. ...

The Cawthorn Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cawthorn Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 March 2016 at 10:13.

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