Cawerwoods History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Early Origins of the Cawerwoods family
The surname Cawerwoods was first found in Lanarkshire, Scotland, from the ancient lordship and manor of the same name. Some of the first records of the family include: Isabele de Calrewode of the county of Lanark who rendered homage to King Edward I in 1296 and John de Calderwode who witnessed an instrument of sasine in 1456. Two years later, Edward de Caldorwud had his pension of 20 marks and a croft of church land assigned to him at Cambuslang in 1458 and later still, Archibald Caldderwood was vicar of Cadder in 1509. 
Early History of the Cawerwoods family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawerwoods research. Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1548, 1575, 1650, 1678, 1566, 1575, 1650, 1660, 1733, 1687 and are included under the topic Early Cawerwoods History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawerwoods Spelling Variations
Although the name, Cawerwoods, appeared in many references, from time to time, the surname was shown with the spellings Calderwood, Caldderwood, Calderwoods, Cawderood, Caderwood, Cadderwood, Caldorwood, Calderwude, Calderwoud, Calderwode, Caldorwud and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawerwoods family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family name during their early history was David Calderwood (1575-1650), Scottish ecclesiastic, historian, and theological writer, born (as is believed) at Dalkeith, Midlothian, and educated at the college of...
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cawerwoods Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawerwoods family to Ireland
Some of the Cawerwoods family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 91 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawerwoods family
Gradually becoming disenchanted with life in Ireland many of these uprooted families sailed aboard the armada of sailing ships known as the "White Sails" which plied the stormy Atlantic. These overcrowded ships often arrived with only 60 to 70% of their original passenger list, many dying of cholera, typhoid, dysentery or small pox. In North America, some of the first immigrants who could be considered kinsmen of the Cawerwoods family name Cawerwoods, or who bore a variation of the surname were James Calderwood, who settled in New England in 1725; with his wife and two children; Adam Calderwood, who arrived in New York in 1789; Alexander Calderwood, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1803.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Veritas premitur non opprimitur
Motto Translation: Truth may be kept down, but not crushed.
- Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)