Caviness is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Caviness family lived in Suffolk
where Gernon de Montfichet was granted the lands of Cavendish by Duke William of Normandy.
Early Origins of the Caviness family
The surname Caviness was first found in Suffolk
, when Gernon de Montfichet was granted the lands of Cavendish by Duke William of Normandy
, his liege lord, for distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. The Montfichets from Montfiquet, Calvados, in Normandy, sired the family of Cavendish, Bacon, Fitchet, and Montfitchet. The family trace their lineage back to "Sir John Canvendish, who in the reign of Edward III was Chief Justice of the King's Bench. It was John, a younger son of the Judge, who killed Wat Tyler, and from him the family are descended. CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
Early History of the Caviness family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caviness research.Another 144 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1384, 1592, 1592, 1676, 1594, 1654, 1630, 1691, 1660, 1676, 1617, 1684, 1624, 1674, 1659, 1680, 1675, 1623, 1673, 1673, 1700, 1695, 1700 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Caviness History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Caviness Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Cavendish, Cavendesh, Cavandish, Cavondish, Cavindish, Caviness and many more.
Early Notables of the Caviness family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Cavendish (d. 1592), a British circumnavigator of the globe, often regarded as a privateer; Sir William Cavendish (1592-1676), 4th Duke of Norcastle, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, a prominent soldier, writer, and noted patron of the arts; Sir Charles Cavendish (ca. 1594-1654)... Another 155 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caviness Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Caviness family to Ireland
Some of the Caviness family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 40 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Caviness family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Caviness or a variant listed above:
Caviness Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- George Caviness, aged 58, arrived in New York in 1915 aboard the ship "Morro Castle" from Vera Cruz, Mexico CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JJ4H-4WR : 6 December 2014), George Caviness, 24 Oct 1915; citing departure port Vera Cruz, Mexico, arrival port New York, ship name Morro Castle, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- William Caviness, aged 22, arrived in Rio de Janeiro in 1921 aboard the ship "Huron" from New York CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6NQ-F6R : 6 December 2014), William Caviness, 24 Jul 1921; citing departure port New York, arrival port Rio de Janeiro, ship name Huron, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- Alma L. Caviness, aged 63, arrived in New York in 1924 aboard the ship "Volendam" from Boulogne-Sur-Mer, France CITATION[CLOSE]
"New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JNWR-XZL : 6 December 2014), Alma L. Caviness, 25 Oct 1924; citing departure port Boulogne-Sur-Mer, arrival port New York, ship name Volendam, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
Contemporary Notables of the name Caviness (post 1700)
- Will Caviness (b. 1982), American jazz trumpeter from Memphis, Tennessee
- Bob Caviness, American professor of computer science at the University of Delaware
The Caviness Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Cavendo tutus
Motto Translation: Safe by being cautious.