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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Caudill family come from? What is the Scottish Caudill family crest and coat of arms? When did the Caudill family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caudill family history?

Caudill is an ancient Scottish name that was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. It is a name for someone who lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld, which means cold, and welle, which means well, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.


Prior to the first dictionaries, scribes spelled words according to sound. This, and the fact that Scottish names were repeatedly translated from Gaelic to English and back, contributed to the enormous number of spelling variations in Scottish names. Caudill has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.

First found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294. The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century. It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire. The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caudill research. Another 185 words(13 lines of text) covering the years 1342, 1500, 1628, 1679 and 1929 are included under the topic Early Caudill History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 55 words(4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caudill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Caudill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


In such difficult times, the difficulties of raising the money to cross the Atlantic to North America did not seem so large compared to the problems of keeping a family together in Scotland. It was a journey well worth the cost, since it was rewarded with land and freedom the Scots could not find at home. The American War of Independence solidified that freedom, and many of those settlers went on to play important parts in the forging of a great nation. Among them:

Caudill Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Enrico Caudill, aged 27, who settled in Gagliano, in 1905
  • William H Caudill, aged 23, who settled in Fletcher Co., Kentucky in 1916
  • Kathleen Caudill, aged 4, who emigrated to Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Mollie Caudill, aged 38, who settled in Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Rebecca Caudill, aged 24, who emigrated to Portland, Tennessee, in 1924


  • William Abel Caudill (1920-1972), American applied medical anthropologist, the first to identify the field of medical anthropology
  • Colonel Benjamin E. Caudill, American Confederate army officer who led Caudill's Army
  • Randall Caudill, American president and founder of Dunsford Hill Capital Partners, a San Francisco-based financial consulting firm
  • Harry M. Caudill (1922-1990), American author, historian, lawyer, legislator
  • Rebecca Caudill Ayars (1899-1985), American author of children's literature, eponym of the Rebecca Caudill Young Reader's Book Award
  • William Holland "Bill" Caudill (b. 1956), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1979 to 1987


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fac et spera
Motto Translation: Do and hope.


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  1. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  2. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  3. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  5. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  8. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  9. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  10. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  11. ...

The Caudill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Caudill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 4 August 2015 at 10:18.

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