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Carthew History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The proud Carthew family originated in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Carthew family originally lived in Cornwall. Their name, however, is derived from a Cornish phrase meaning dweller at the black rock, indicating that the original bearer lived near a prominent black rock.

Early Origins of the Carthew family


The surname Carthew was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Early History of the Carthew family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carthew research.
Another 101 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 166 and 1660 are included under the topic Early Carthew History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carthew Spelling Variations


Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Carthew, Carthewe and others.

Early Notables of the Carthew family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Carthew Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Carthew family to Ireland


Some of the Carthew family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Carthew family to the New World and Oceana


A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Carthew:

Carthew Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Edmund Carthew who settled in Maryland in 1774

Carthew Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Albert Carthew, aged 29, who landed in America, in 1894

Carthew Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Geo. Leopold Carthew, aged 24, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1907
  • Edith M. Carthew, aged 28, who settled in America from Launceston England, in 1908
  • James Carthew, aged 21, who emigrated to America from Gateshead, England, in 1911
  • Thomas John Carthew, aged 42, who landed in America from Hayle, England, in 1912
  • Margaret Carthew, aged 11, who emigrated to New Orleans, in 1920
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carthew Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Carthew, aged 29, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Harry Lorrequer" [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARRY LORREQUER 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849HarryLorrequer.htm
  • William Carthew, aged 25, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Thetis" [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Friday 1st September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/thetis1854.shtml
  • William Carthew, aged 21, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Thetis" [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Friday 1st September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/thetis1854.shtml
  • Thomas Carthew, aged 20, a miner, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Lord Hungerford"
  • Mr. George Thomas Carthew, (b. 1874), aged 18, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Jelunga" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 25th May 1892 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf

Carthew Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Philip R. Carthew, aged 19, a farm labourer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Assaye" in 1874
  • Mr. Philip R. Carthew, (b. 1855), aged 19, Cornish farm labourer departing on 1st September 1874 aboard the ship "Assaye" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th December 1874 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf

Contemporary Notables of the name Carthew (post 1700)


  • Margaret Carthew (1909-1942), American actress, known for her roles in 42nd Street (1933), The Strawberry Blonde (1941) and Dames (1934)
  • Cory Carthew (b. 1967), American actor from New York City
  • John W. Carthew, American Republican politician, Burgess of Wilmerding, Pennsylvania, 1937-42
  • Elizabeth Carthew, Australian Jazz musician
  • Richard Carthew, Professor of Biology at Northwestern University, Illinois
  • Carthew Yourstoun, East Tinwald

The Carthew Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Bedhoh fyr ha heb drok
Motto Translation: Let us be wise without guile; or, as it is expressed in scriptural phrase, “Be ye wise as serpents, and harmless as doves”.


Carthew Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARRY LORREQUER 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849HarryLorrequer.htm
  2. ^ South Australian Register Friday 1st September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/thetis1854.shtml
  3. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf

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