Carroll History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Carroll has undergone many variations in the time that has passed since its genesis. In Gaelic it appeared as Cearbhaill, which is derived from the name of Cearbhal, the Lord of Ely who helped King Brian Boru lead the Irish to victory over the Danes at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014.

Early Origins of the Carroll family

The surname Carroll was first found in counties Tipperary, Offaly, Monaghan and Louth. Through their connection with Cearbal, they descend from King Oilioll Olum.

There were six distinct O'Carroll septs prior to the Anglo- Norman Conquest. While four disintegrated before the end of the 13th century, the two most important septs continued. These were O'Carroll of Ely O'Carroll, from the counties of Tipperary and Offaly, and O'Carroll of Oriel, from the counties of Monagan and Louth.

While the Oriel O'Carrolls disappeared as an official sept resulting from the Anglo- Norman Conquest, the members of that sept were not scattered, but remained mainly within their ancient territories. However, the O'Carrolls of Ely O'Carroll managed to maintain their independence and heritage until the end of the 16th century, and continued to play an important role in Irish history.

They formerly held large territories in the county of Tipperary, but were confined to the area around Birr in the county of Offaly by the rise of the powerful Norman Butlers.

Important Dates for the Carroll family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carroll research. Another 200 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1014, 1172, 1451, 1600, 1916, 1625, 1711, 1661, 1720, 1735, 1815, 1737, 1832, 1789, 1792, 1602 and 1673 are included under the topic Early Carroll History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carroll Spelling Variations

Official documents, crafted by early scribes and church officials, primarily contained names that were spelled according to their pronunciation. This lead to the problem of one name being recorded under several different variations, creating an illusion that a single person was many people. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Carroll that are preserved in the archival documents of the time are O'Carroll, Carroll, Carrel, Carrell, Carrill, Carrol, Carroll, Caryll, Garvil, Garvill and many more.

Early Notables of the Carroll family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name at this time was John Caryll (1625-1711), 1st Baron Caryll of Durford who came of an ancient Roman Catholic family, which had been settled, from the close of the sixteenth century, at West Harting in Sussex. [1] Charles Carroll (1661-1720), often called Charles Carroll the Settler, to differentiate him from his son and grandson, was a wealthy lawyer...
Another 62 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Carroll Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carroll migration to the United States

North America accepted thousands of Irish immigrants during the 19th century as their homeland suffered under foreign imperialistic rule. Although settlers from the early portion of the century came to North America by choice in search of land, by far the largest influx of Irish immigrants came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Many of these Irish families left the country destitute and in some cases suffering from disease. However, those who survived the long ocean voyage were especially vital to the development of industry in the United States and what would become known as Canada. Research of immigration and passenger lists has shown many early immigrants bearing the name Carroll:

Carroll Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Christopher Carroll, who arrived in Maryland in 1638 [2]
  • George Carroll, who landed in Maryland in 1672 [2]
  • Charles Carroll, who arrived in Maryland in 1688 [2]
Carroll Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Carroll, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [2]
  • Jacob Carroll, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [2]
  • Anne Carroll, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [2]
  • Anthony Carroll, who arrived in New York in 1798 [2]
Carroll Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Danl Carroll, aged 20, who arrived in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1803 [2]
  • Ric Carroll, aged 22, who landed in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1803 [2]
  • Elizth Carroll, who landed in America in 1804 [2]
  • Edward Carroll, who landed in America in 1806 [2]
  • John S Carroll, aged 31, who landed in New York in 1812 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carroll migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Carroll Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Carroll who settled in Nova Scotia in 1776
  • John Carroll, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1776
  • Patrick Carroll, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1776
  • Robert Carroll, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1776
  • Mr. Joseph Carroll U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [3]
Carroll Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Carroll, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1818
  • Peter Carroll, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1827
  • Ellen Carroll, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1831
  • Margaret Carroll, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1833
  • Peter Carroll, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Dorcas Savage" from Belfast, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carroll migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Carroll Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Patrick Carroll, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Frances Carroll, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Catherine Carroll, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Diadem" in 1840 [6]
  • Jardy Carroll, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hooghly" in 1846 [7]
  • Catherine Carroll, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Inconstant" in 1849 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Carroll migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Carroll Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. David Carroll, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in New Zealand in 1851 [9]
  • Miss Elizabeth Carroll, (b. 1812), aged 46, British dressmaker travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th April 1858 [10]
  • John Carroll, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golconda" in 1859
  • Julia Carroll, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golconda" in 1859
  • Eliza Carroll, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Golconda" in 1859
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Carroll (post 1700)

  • Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, English author ("Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"), mathematician, and photographer
  • Diahann Carroll (1935-2019), Academy Award-nominated and Tony Award winning American actress and singer
  • Andrew Carroll (1985-2018), American professional ice hockey player who died from a fall at O'Hare Airport a the age of 32
  • Barbara Carroll (1925-2017), born Barbara Carole Coppersmith, an American jazz pianist
  • George Carroll (1922-2016), American lawyer and politician, the first African American elected to the city council (1961-1964), the first black judge in Contra Costa, California in 1965
  • John Sawyer Carroll (1942-2015), American journalist and newspaper editor
  • Daniel Carroll (1730-1796), American politician, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States
  • Brigadier-General Percy James Carroll (1891-1987), American Commanding General Vaughn General Hospital (1944-1946) [11]
  • Georgia Carroll (1919-2011), American singer, fashion model, and actress, best known for her role as Betsy Ross in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942)
  • Pete Carroll (b. 1951), American football coach
  • ... (Another 14 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Carroll family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. John Carroll, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [12]
Halifax Explosion
  • Master Gerald  Carroll (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Miss Lily Elizabeth  Carroll (1911-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Miss Doris  Carroll (1912-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Mrs. Julia  Carroll, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Mr. Arthur S.  Carroll (1887-1917), Canadian resident from Carroll's Corner, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William Peter Carroll (1912-1942), English Petty Officer from Devon, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, later died on the HMS Hermes in 1942 [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Thomas Carroll, English Leading Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [15]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Robert Lewis Carroll, American Seaman First Class from North Carolina, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [16]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The barque DIADEM 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Diadem.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HOOGHLY 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Hooghly.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The INCONSTANT the Voyage - 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Inconstant.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Percy Carroll. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Carroll/Percy_James/USA.html
  12. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  13. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  14. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  16. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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