Cardinal History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The French name Cardinal has a history dating as far back as the Middle Ages. This history is intrinsically entwined with that region known as Languedoc, for it was derived from when the Cardinal family lived in Languedoc. But the name may have been of nickname origin too. In this case, it may have been given to someone who habitually wore red, the color of the vestments worn by cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church.

Early Origins of the Cardinal family

The surname Cardinal was first found in Languedoc, where the family held a family seat from very early times.

Early History of the Cardinal family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cardinal research. Another 150 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1235, 1271, and 1303 are included under the topic Early Cardinal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cardinal Spelling Variations

History has changed the spelling of most surnames. During the early development of the French language in the Middle Ages, a person gave his version of his name, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Some variables were adopted by different branches of the family name. Hence, there spelling variations of the name Cardinal, some of which include Cardinal, Chardinal, Cardinel, Cardonal, Cardonel, Chardonel, Cardenal, Cardenil, Cardinale, Cardinall, Cardinalle, Cardonall, Cardonale, Cardonalle, Cardonell, Cardonelle, Cardonele, Cardonnal, Chardinnal, Cardinnel, Cardonnal, Cardonnel, Cardennal, Cardennil, Cardinnale, Cardinnall, Cardinnalle, Cardonnall, Cardonnale, Cardonnalle, Cardonnell, Cardonnelle and many more.

Early Notables of the Cardinal family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name at this time was Adam de Cardonnel (d. 1719), Secretary to the Duke of Marlborough, a son of Adam de Cardonnel, a...
Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cardinal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Canada Cardinal migration to Canada +

Immigration to New France was slow; therefore, early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Cardinal has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Cardinal were

Cardinal Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Jacques Cardinal, aged 5, who arrived in Montreal in 1659
  • Jean Cardinal, aged 1, who landed in Montreal in 1659
  • Simon Cardinal, who arrived in Montreal in 1659
  • Gabriel Cardinal, son of Simon-Jean and Michelle, who married Anne Phansèque, daughter of Christian and Catherine, in Montreal, Quebec on 7th April 1682 [1]
  • Jacques Cardinal, son of Simon-Jean and Michelle, who married Louise Arrivé, daughter of Jacques and Renée, in Montreal, Quebec on 23rd November 1682 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cardinal Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Pierre Cardinal, son of Pierre and Marie-Catherine, who married Madeleine César, daughter of François and Anne, in Montreal, Quebec on 28th December 1712 [1]
  • Jacques Cardinal, son of Jacques and Louise, who married Jeanne Duguay, daughter of Jacques and Jeanne, in Montreal, Quebec on 17th February 1715 [1]
  • Daniel Cardinal, son of Pierre and Marie-Catherine, who married Marie-Madeleine Gibaut, daughter of Jean-Baptiste and Anne, in Montreal, Quebec on 25th January 1717 [1]
  • Jean Cardinal, son of Ignace and Marie-Anne, who married Marie-Jeanne Galarneau, daughter of Charles and Geneviève, in Pointe-Claire, Quebec on 24th August 1721 [1]
  • Jean Cardinal married Marie-Cayer at Pointe-Claire, Québec in 1721
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Cardinal migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cardinal Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Cardinal, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Candahar" in 1851 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cardinal (post 1700) +

  • Brian Lee "The Custodian" Cardinal (b. 1977), American former professional basketball player
  • Lorne Cardinal, Canadian actor
  • Ralph J. Cardinal, American politician, Mayor of Malone, New York, 1935, 1938 [3]
  • Simone Odette Marie-Thérèse "Marie" Cardinal (1929-2001), French novelist
  • Joseph-Narcisse Cardinal (1808-1838), French Canadian notary and politician who was the first person executed for taking part in the Lower Canada Rebellion
  • Jean-Guy Cardinal (1925-1979), French-Canadian nationalist politician in Quebec
  • Harold Cardinal (1945-2005), Canadian Cree writer, political leader, teacher, negotiator and lawyer
  • Fernando Alberto dos Santos Cardinal (b. 1985), known simply as Cardinal, a Portuguese professional futsal player
  • Aurèle Cardinal, French-Canadian contemporary architect, urban planner and academic, known for his redevelopment of the Old Port of Montreal
  • Tantoo Cardinal CM (b. 1950), Canadian film and television actress of Métis descent
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

  • Friedrich Cardinal (1910-1941), German Oberleutnant zur See who served aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France; he died in the sinking [4]

The Cardinal Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: L'âme et L'honneur
Motto Translation: My Soul and Honor

  1. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 1, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CANDAHAR 1851. Retrieved
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 23) . Retrieved from
  4. ^ Bismarck & Tirpitz Class - Crew List Bismarck. (Retrieved 2018, February 06). Retrieved from on Facebook
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