Campbell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Campbell was first used by a Strathclyde-Briton family from the Scottish/English Borderlands. It was a name for a person with a crooked mouth, or crooked smile. This nickname surname is derived from the Gaelic words cam and beul, meaning crooked and mouth. Nicknames could be derived from various sources. In general, they came from the physical characteristics, behavior, mannerisms and other attributes of the bearer.

Early Origins of the Campbell family

The surname Campbell was first found in Argyllshire (Gaelic erra Ghaidheal), the region of western Scotland corresponding roughly with the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute. Researchers suggest a joint progenitor of both the Campbells and the MacArthurs. The MacArthurs were the ancient senior sept of the Campbells. Arthur derives from the son of King Aedan MacGabhran, the 9th century Scots King of Argyll. The Clan Campbell was known as the Siol Diarmaid an Tuirc or, alternatively, the Clan Duibhne, and in a Crown charter Duncan MacDuibhne was ancestor of the Lords of Lochow in 1368.

Sir Colin Campbell, son of Sir Archibald, was succeeded by Sir Duncan in 1427. Sir Duncan's second son, Black Colin of Glenorchy founded the Campbells of Breadalbane. He built the castle of Caolchurn and married Margeret Stewart, heiress of the Lords of Lorn. After the Battle of Harlaw in 1411 in which the MacDonalds were badly defeated by the King, the Campbells, took advantage of the situation to acquire more territory from the MacDonalds.

In 1517 the Campbells and the MacLeans of Duart were called upon by the Crown to again suppress the Lord of the Isles, MacDonald of Lochalsh, who had seized two Royal Castles. Lochalsh went to the scaffold and the Campbells acquired more land. Their Chiefs were bestowed with knighthoods, baronies and Earldoms. The Earl of Argyll becoming Chancellor of Scotland to James IV, and through his influence achieved a measure of peace throughout the Highlands.

Early History of the Campbell family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Campbell research. Another 244 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1437, 1701, 1878, 1437, 1607, 1661, 1629, 1685, 1630, 1696, 1701, 1636, 1717, 1757, 1662, 1609, 1610, 1662, 1668, 1663, 1699 and are included under the topic Early Campbell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Campbell Spelling Variations

In the era before dictionaries, there were no rules governing the spelling or translation of names or any other words. Consequently, there are an enormous number of spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names. Campbell has appeared as Campbell, Cambell, Cambel, Camble, Cammell and many more.

Early Notables of the Campbell family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Duncan Campbell, the first Earl in 1437; Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquis of Argyll, 8th Earl of Argyll, chief of Clan Campbell, (1607-1661); and his son, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll (1629-1685), a Scottish peer; Robert Campbell, 5th Laird of Glenlyon (1630-1696), Scottish noble, best known as one of the commanding officers at the Massacre of Glencoe; Sir Archibald Campbell, who became the first Duke of Argyll in 1701; John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1636-1717), known as "Slippery John", Scottish peer during the Glorious...
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Campbell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Campbell family to Ireland

Some of the Campbell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Campbell migration to the United States +

The freedom, opportunity, and land of the North American colonies beckoned. There, Scots found a place where they were generally free from persecution and where they could go on to become important players in the birth of new nations. Some fought in the American War of Independence, while others went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of these Scottish settlers have been able to recover their lost national heritage in the last century through highland games and Clan societies in North America. Among them:

Campbell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Colin Campbell, who landed in New Jersey in 1685 [1]
Campbell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Daniel Campbell, who landed in New England in 1716 [1]
  • Eliz Campbell, who landed in New York, NY in 1738 [1]
  • Ronald Campbell, who landed in New York in 1738 [1]
  • Dugald Campbell, who landed in New York in 1739 [1]
  • Anna Campbell, who arrived in New York in 1739 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Campbell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Walter Campbell, who arrived in America in 1803 [1]
  • Samuel Campbell, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]
  • Sara Campbell, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]
  • Arth Campbell, who landed in America in 1805 [1]
  • Ann Campbell, who landed in America in 1805 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Campbell Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Collin Campbell, who landed in Minnesota in 1901 [1]
  • William Louis Campbell, who landed in Colorado in 1907 [1]
  • James George Campbell, who arrived in Alabama in 1918 [1]

Canada Campbell migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Campbell Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Angus Campbell, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Archibald Campbell, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Robert Campbell, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Campbell, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Jean Campbell, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Campbell Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Colin Campbell, aged 21, who landed in Canada in 1811
  • Cohn Campbell, aged 21, who arrived in Canada in 1811
  • Cohn Campbell, aged 21, who landed in Canada in 1811
  • Daniel Campbell, aged 24, who landed in Canada in 1811
  • Daniel Campbell, aged 24, who arrived in Canada in 1811
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Campbell migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Campbell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Campbell, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [2]
  • Allan Campbell, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • James Campbell, a weaver, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Fred. Campbell, a cooper, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Campbell, a baker, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Campbell migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Campbell Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Robert Campbell, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
  • Colin Campbell, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Blenheim
  • Duncan Campbell, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Campbell, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • J L Campbell, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Campbell Settlers in New Zealand in the 20th Century
  • Marcus Campbell, aged 22, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926

Contemporary Notables of the name Campbell (post 1700) +

  • Glen Travis Campbell (1936-2017), American two-time Grammy Award winning, Dove Award-winning and Golden Globe nominated country pop singer, guitarist, television host and occasional actor, perhaps best known for his songs "Rhinestone Cowboy" and "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" [4]
  • Jerry "Soupy" Campbell (1944-2017), American-born, Canadian CFL football player, inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1996
  • Francis Marion Campbell (1929-2016), American football defensive lineman and coach
  • William V. "Bill" Campbell (1940-2016), American businessman, Chairman of Columbia University and Intuit Inc., VP of Marketing and board director for Apple Inc
  • Charles Christopher "Hondo" Campbell (1948-2016), American 17th Commanding General, United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM)
  • William Paul Campbell (1935-2015), American politician and businessman, President of the California Manufacturers & Technology Assn
  • William Cammack "Bill" Campbell (1923-2013), American amateur golfer and two-time President of the United States Golf Association (USGA), inducted to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1990
  • Brigadier-General William Archibald Campbell (1887-1971), American Deputy Commandant of the Command & General Staff School (1944-1945) [5]
  • Lieutenant-General Levin Hicks Jr. Campbell (1886-1976), American Chief of Ordnance, War Department (1942-1946) [6]
  • Brigadier-General Boniface Campbell (1895-1988), American Commanding Officer Artillery 98th Division (1942-1945) [7]
  • ... (Another 48 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Stuart Donald Campbell (1957-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Whakatane, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [8]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Trevor Campbell (b. 1967), American Private from Brooklyn, New York, USA who died in the crash [9]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. John Campbell, British Fireman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
  • Mr. Michael Campbell, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [10]
Flight TWA 800
  • Mr. Richard G. Campbell (1933-1996), from Ridgefield, Connecticut, USA, American TWA Engineer flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; he died in the crash [11]
Halifax Explosion
  • Miss Annie Perry  Campbell (1908-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
  • Mr. Martin  Campbell (1848-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
  • Mrs. Catherine Elizabeth  Campbell (1848-1917), Canadian resident from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
  • Miss Mary Christina  Campbell (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
  • Mr. D.  Campbell (1898-1917), Scottish Seaman aboard the SS Curaca from Barra, Scotland, United Kingdom who died in the explosion [12]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Albert G Campbell (b. 1917), English Leading Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Robert H Campbell, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [14]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Herbert Campbell, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Alexander Mcluckie Campbell, British Canteen Assistant NAAFI, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Henry James Eccles Campbell, British Commissioned Warrant Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William M. Campbell, British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [16]
  • Donald Campbell (d. 1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
  • Charles Newlands Campbell (1920-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [16]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Christina Campbell, (née Fraser), Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Calgary, Alberta, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. William Campbell, American 2nd Class passenger from Chicago, Illinois, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Mr. Kennedy Campbell, American 2nd Class passenger from Boston, Massachusetts, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [17]
  • Miss Ada Mena Campbell, American 2nd Class passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [17]
  • Mrs. Amy Campbell, American 2nd Class passenger from Chicago, Illinois, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [17]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. William Henry Campbell (d. 1912), aged 21, Irish Joiner from Belfast, Ireland who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Donald S. Campbell (d. 1912), aged 25, English Third Class Clerk from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. William Henry Campbell (d. 1912), aged 21, Irish Second Class passenger from Belfast, Ireland who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [18]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Frank M. Campbell, American Ensign working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. George K. Campbell, American Chief Turret Captain working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Burdette Charles Campbell, American Seaman First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [19]


The Campbell Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ne obliviscaris
Motto Translation: Forget not.


Suggested Readings for the name Campbell +

  • 43 "Campbell Family History" by Gwen Campbell.

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  4. ^ Glen Campbell. (Retrieved 2011, January 20) Glen Campbell. Retrieved from http://www.glencampbellshow.com
  5. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) William Campbell. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Campbell/William_Archibald/USA.html
  6. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Levin Campbell. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Campbell/Levin_Hicks_Jr./USA.html
  7. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Boniface Campbell. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Campbell/Boniface/USA.html
  8. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  9. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  10. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  11. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  12. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  15. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  16. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  17. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  18. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  19. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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