Calwell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Among the the peoples of ancient Scotland, the first to use the name Calwell were the Strathclyde- Britons. Calwell was a name for someone who lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld, which means cold, and welle, which means well, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.

Early Origins of the Calwell family

The surname Calwell was first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294.

The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century.

It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire.

"The old family of the name appears to have ended in the direct line in an heiress in the fifteenth century. In 1342 there is an entry of the fee of William de Caldwell. Robert Cauldwell was a merchant in the service of Sir John of Montgomery, 1405." [1]

The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.

Further to the south in the English county of Yorkshire, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed: Johannes de Coldwell; and Thomas de Coldwele. [2]

Important Dates for the Calwell family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Calwell research. Another 175 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1419, 1495, 1526, 1548, 1687, 1581, 1561, 1572, 1796, 1661, 1628, 1679, 1929, 1505, 1584, 1505, 1533, 1554, 1559, 1596, 1551 and are included under the topic Early Calwell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calwell Spelling Variations

Medieval Scottish names are rife with spelling variations. This is due to the fact that scribes in that era spelled according to the sound of words, rather than any set of rules. Calwell has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.

Early Notables of the Calwell family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Blessed John Fenwick, born John Caldwell (1628-1679), an English Jesuit, executed at the time of the Popish Plot, a Catholic martyr, beatified in 1929 by Pope Pius XI. Richard Caldwall (1505?-1584), was an English physician, born in Staffordshire about 1505. "He was educated at Brasenose, graduated as B.A. in...
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Calwell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Calwell family to Ireland

Some of the Calwell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calwell migration to the United States

Many Scots were left with few options other than to leave their homeland for the colonies across the Atlantic. Some of these families fought to defend their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. Others went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of these families have recently been able to rediscover their roots through Clan societies and other Scottish organizations. Among them:

Calwell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Calwell, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [3]
Calwell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Hannah Calwell, who landed in New England in 1736 [3]
  • Henry Calwell, who arrived in Georgia in 1739 [3]
  • William Calwell, who landed in America in 1760-1763 [3]
Calwell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Calwell, who arrived in America in 1806 [3]
  • Patrick Calwell, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1852 [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Calwell (post 1700)

  • George Lewis Calwell (1891-1971), Australian rules footballer who played for Carlton (1914-1916)
  • Clarrie Calwell (1896-1975), former Australian rules footballer who played with Carlton in 1920, younger brother of George Calwell
  • Hubert James "Bert" Calwell (1898-1962), Australian rules footballer
  • Arthur Augustus Calwell (1896-1973), Australian politician, 16th Leader of the Opposition (1960-1967), Leader of the Australian Labor Party (1960-1967)

Citations

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
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