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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Irish name Calkins has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name Calkins was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.

Calkins Early Origins



The surname Calkins was first found in Fermanagh (Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland, Province of Ulster, where they held a family seat from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron Caulfeild (15651627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.

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Calkins Spelling Variations


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Calkins Spelling Variations



Those scribes in Ireland during the Middle Ages recorded names as they sounded. Consequently, in this era many people were recorded under different spellings each time their name was written down. Research on the Calkins family name revealed numerous spelling variations, including Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.

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Calkins Early History


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Calkins Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Calkins research. Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Calkins History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Calkins Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Calkins Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable among the family name at this time was William Caulfeild (1587-1640), 2nd Baron Caulfeild; Toby Caulfeild (1621-1642), 3rd Baron Caulfeild; Robert Caulfeild (1622-1642), 4th Baron Caulfeild; William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount...

Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Calkins Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A massive amount of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century for North America and Australia in hopes of finding more opportunities and an escape from discrimination and oppression. A great portion of these migrants arrived on the eastern shores of the North American continent. Although they were generally poor and destitute, and, therefore, again discriminated against, these Irish people were heartily welcomed for the hard labor involved in the construction of railroads, canals, roadways, and buildings. Many others were put to work in the newly established factories or agricultural projects that were so essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the world. The Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s initiated the largest wave of Iris immigration. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name Calkins or a variant listed above:

Calkins Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Hugh Calkins, who landed in New London, Conn in 1638

Calkins Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Jonathan Calkins, who arrived in Georgia in 1741

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Contemporary Notables of the name Calkins (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Calkins (post 1700)



  • Blean Anson Calkins (1921-2003), American sports radio broadcaster
  • Homer D. Calkins (1911-1996), American environmentalist
  • Leslie Anne Calkins, American actress
  • William Henry Calkins (1842-1894), U.S. Representative from Indiana
  • Irving Romaro Calkins (1875-1958), American Olympic gold medalist for shooting at the 1908 games
  • Earnest Elmo Calkins (1868-1964), American advertising executive
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930), American philosopher and psychologist
  • Dick Calkins (1895-1962), American comic strip artist
  • Bradley "Buzz" Calkins (b. 1971), former American Indy Racing League driver
  • B. E. Calkins, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Montana, 1904
  • ... (Another 22 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Deo duce ferro comitante
Motto Translation: God is my guide,and my sword is my companion.


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Calkins Family Crest Products


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Calkins Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
    2. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
    3. Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
    4. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
    5. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
    6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    7. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
    8. Vicars, Sir Arthur. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    9. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    10. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    11. ...

    The Calkins Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Calkins Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 19 June 2016 at 10:37.

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