Calder History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Calder surname was a habitational name, taken on from any of the various places called Calder, Caldor, or Cawdor; such as Calder in Thurso, which is recorded from the early 13th century, and Calder in Cumbria. Some of these place names are thought to come from the Old Norse "kalfr," meaning "calf," and "dalr," meaning "valley;" while others likely derive from the Welsh words "caled" meaning "hard" or "violent" and "dwfr," meaning "water," or "stream."

Early Origins of the Calder family

The surname Calder was first found in Inverness-shire, thought to have been a Pict stronghold, where they held a family seat from very ancient times. Hugh de Cadella (Klaedouer) is said to have aided Scottish King Malcolm Ceanmore, for which he was granted the Nairnshire thaneship of Cawdor, and made a Baron in 1060. Records show that a Hugh de Kaledouer, perhaps a descendant, was a witness to a charter of land near Montrose in, Angus, around 1178. [1]

Cadder, or Calder is a parish, in the Lower ward of the county of Lanark. "This place derives its name from its situation in the midst of a district abounding with wood and water, of which its appellation in the old British language, Calder, is significant. It appears to have owed its origin, as a parish, to the foundation of a church by St. Patrick, who was born in the immediate vicinity, and who, towards the close of the 5th century, founded numerous other churches in the neighbourhood, which were subsequently endowed by Convallus II." [2]

Important Dates for the Calder family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Calder research. Another 327 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1054, 1419, 1454, 1510, 1657, 1711, 1440, 1503, 1494, 1575, 1546, 1650, 1723, 1650, 1745, 1818, 1798, 1740 and 1792 are included under the topic Early Calder History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calder Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Calder, Cadder, Caddell, Cawdor, Cauder, Caldell, Caldille and many more.

Early Notables of the Calder family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was William Calder (d. 1503), 7th Thane of Cawdor; Muriel Calder (1494-1575) 9th (and last) Thane of Cawdor, who married Sir John Campbell (d. 1546); Robert Calder (1650?-1723), Scottish clergyman of the Scottish Episcopalian church, a native of Elgin, born about 1650; Admiral Sir Robert Calder...
Another 52 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Calder Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calder migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Calder Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Calder who settled in Virginia in 1619
Calder Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Calder, who arrived in New England in 1720 [3]
  • Will Calder, who settled in Georgia in 1735
  • Janet Calder, who landed in New York in 1739 [3]
  • Robert Calder, who arrived in Boston Massachusetts in 1764
  • James Calder, who settled in New York in 1774
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Calder Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Calder, aged 37, who landed in New York in 1812 [3]
  • James Calder, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1813 [3]
  • William Calder, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1831 [3]
  • P Calder, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • W Calder, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1855 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Calder migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Calder Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Agnes Calder, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • Alexander Calder, aged 31, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Catherine" in 1851 [5]
  • Alexander Calder, aged 32, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Osceola" [6]
  • Alexander Calder, aged 31, a sawyer, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Catherine" [5]
  • Mrs. Jane Miller Calder, aged 58, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Frenchman"
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Calder migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Calder Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Calder, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Calder, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Calder, aged 26, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Euphemia Calder, aged 19, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • David Calder, aged 46, a mason, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1849
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Calder (post 1700)

  • Alexander Calder (1898-1976), American sculptor and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), American sculptor, son of sculptor Alexander Milne Calder
  • William Musgrave Calder (1869-1945), American politician from New York State, a U.S. Congressman and Senator
  • Alexander Milne Calder (1846-1923), American (Scottish born) sculptor
  • James Tait Calder (1794-1864), Scottish author of the ‘History of Caithness,’ born at the village of Castletown, Caithness
  • Finlay "Fin" Calder (b. 1957), Scottish rugby player
  • Angus Lindsay Ritchie Calder (1942-2008), Scottish academic, writer, historian, and educator
  • Miss Doreen Mary Malize Calder B.E.M.,, British recipient of the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to Equestrianism and to the community in Berwickshire [7]
  • Prof. Andrew Alexander Calder M.B.E.,, British Chair for Tenovus Scotland and Scotland’s Churches Trust, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to Obstetrics and to Gynaecology [8]
  • Mrs. Nicole Elizabeth Calder C.B.E., (b. 1938), British Co-founder for Bloomsbury Publishing, was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for service to Literature [8]
  • ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CATHERINE 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Catherine.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) OSCEOLA / ASCEOLA 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Osceola-Asceola.htm
  7. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 31 October 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1
  8. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
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