Cail History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The original Gaelic form of Cail was Mac Cathail or O Cathail, while is derived from the personal name Cathal, which is generally Anglicized as Charles. Cail is derived from the Old Irish "catu-ualos" which means "valor or powerful in battle".
Early Origins of the Cail family
The surname Cail was first found in County Kerry and Tipperary as there are at least two distinct septs of the name. The first sept from County Kerry descend from the Heremon line of kings and were known as the Cahills of Connaught. The second sept claim descent from the Ir line of kings and were located at Corkashinny, or the parish of Templemore, Tipperary. This line further branched to the eponymous Ballycahill, Tipperary. Both branches descended from O'Connors, the Kings of Connacht, specifically "Cathal," also known as Conor na Luinge Luaithe, when anglicized means "Conor, the Swifter-Sailing Ship"  which may elude to the seafaring coat of arms used by the family.
Early History of the Cail family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cail research. Another 138 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1654, 1796 and 1864 are included under the topic Early Cail History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cail Spelling Variations
The recording of names in Ireland in the Middle Ages was an inconsistent endeavor at best. The many regional dialects and the predominate illiteracy would have made common surnames appear unrelated to the scribes of the period. Research into the name Cail revealed spelling variations, including Cahill, O'Cahill, Kahill, Cawhill, Cahille, Cahil, Cahaly, Cahell, Cahel, Caughell, Kahil, Kahel, Caill, Cail and many more.
Early Notables of the Cail family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family name at this time was Flan O'Cahill, martyred in 938; Daniel O'Cahill, brother of Bogh O'Cahill, chief of the Clan, forfeited under the...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cail Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cail migration to the United States +
Many destitute Irish families in the 18th and 19th centuries decided to leave their homeland, which had in many ways been scarred by English colonial rule. One of the most frequent destinations for these families was North America where it was possible for an Irish family to own their own parcel of land. Many of the early settlers did find land awaiting them in British North America, or even later in America, but for the majority of immigrants that arrived as a result of the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s the ownership of land was often a long way off. These Irish people were initially put to work on such industrial projects as the building of bridges, canals, and railroads, or they worked at manufacturing positions within factories. Whenever they arrived, the Irish made enormous contributions to the infant nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the earliest immigrants to bearer the name of Cail were found through extensive research of immigration and passenger lists:
Cail Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Nicholas Cail, who landed in Georgia in 1741 
Contemporary Notables of the name Cail (post 1700) +
- Harry Cail (1913-2008), American sport shooter who competed in the 50 m rifle event at the 1948 Summer Olympics
- William Cail (1849-1925), English rugby pioneer born in Gateshead, Rugby Football Union President (1892-1894)
- Jean-François Cail (1804-1871), French entrepreneur and industrialist, a key figure in French industrialization, a contributor to the Eiffel Tower and so noted by his name engraved there
- Jesse Cail Burkett (1868-1953), American Major League Baseball player, elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946
Related Stories +
The Cail Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: In Domino confido
Motto Translation: I trust in the Lord.
- ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)