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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Buxton family come from? What is the English Buxton family crest and coat of arms? When did the Buxton family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Buxton family history?

The ancestors of the name Buxton date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Buxton family lived in the region of Buxton parishes in the diocese of Southwell and Norwich. It may also be derived from the town in Derbyshire where in Old English it was known as Buchestanes, meaning bowing stones.

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It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Buxton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Buxton include: Buckston, Buxton, Buckstone and others.

First found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Buxton research. Another 302 words(22 lines of text) covering the year 1400 is included under the topic Early Buxton History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Buxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Buxton or a variant listed above:

Buxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Thomas Buxton in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • Anthony Buxton, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637
  • John Buxton settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Jon Buxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Robert Buxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1645


Buxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Elizabeth Buxton who settled in Potomac Maryland in 1729
  • John Buxton, who landed in America in 1760-1763
  • Grace Buxton settled in west New Jersey in 1773
  • Grace Buxton, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773

Buxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • William Buxton, who arrived in Mississippi in 1843
  • M F Buxton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • Aaron Buxton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850

Buxton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • T. Buxton, aged 30, a merchant, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Augusta" from Liverpool

Buxton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Joseph Buxton, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • George Buxton, aged 15, a buston, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Calphurnia"
  • Edward Buxton, aged 12, a buston, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Calphurnia"
  • William Buxton, aged 19, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Indian"


Buxton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Henry Buxton landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Harry Bridger Buxton, aged 39, a gardener, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858
  • Mary Ann Buxton, aged 33, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858
  • Sophia Buxton, aged 9, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858
  • John Buxton, aged 5, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858


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  • Charles Buxton (1823-1871), English brewer, philanthropist, writer
  • Angela Buxton (b. 1934), English tennis player
  • Sir Sydney Charles Buxton (1853-1934), 1st Earl Buxton, a British politician
  • Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1837-1915), 3rd Baronet, Governor of South Australia (1895-99)
  • Dame Rita Mary Buxton DBE (1896-1982), Australian community worker, activist, racehorse owner and philanthropist
  • Major Aubrey Leland Oakes Buxton KCVO, MC, DL (1918-2009), British author, soldier and politician, High Sheriff of Essex in 1972, created Baron Buxton of Alsa in 1978
  • Mr. Michael Aurio Buxton, British Lieutenant, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking


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  • The Buxtons of Warren by J. J. Donovan.
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  1. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  2. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  3. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  5. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  6. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  9. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  10. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  11. ...

The Buxton Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Buxton Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 November 2014 at 11:17.

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