The surname is one of the Anglo-Norman surnames that came to Ireland
in the 12th century. Ireland
already had an established system of hereditary surnames
, often the two traditions blended together quite well, but the incoming Anglo- Normans
also brought with them local
surnames, such as Bushens. Local
names were taken from the names of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born, some from places in Normandy
, or more typically, from England
. Originally, the place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname if the place name began with a vowel or was eliminated entirely. The Bushens family appears to have originally lived in either of the settlements called Barnwell in the English counties of Cambridge and Northumberland
. The Gaelic form of the surname Bushens is de Bearnabhal.
Early Origins of the Bushens family
The surname Bushens was first found in County Meath
at Crickstown Castle. "De Bernvale, accompanied William the Conqueror to England
in 1066. He came from Lower Brittany
, and was allied to the dukes of that province" CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Another source is more specific: "Sir Michael de Berneval, a scion of the family founded by the Norman knight, joined the English expedition fitted out against Ireland
and affected a descent upon Beerhaven in the co. of Cork. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Bushens family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bushens research.Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1646, 1640, 1534, 1538, 1704, 1779, 1779, 1842, 1500, 1552, 1522, 1575, 1592 and 1663 are included under the topic Early Bushens History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bushens Spelling Variations
Medieval scribes and church officials spelt names simply the way they sounded, which explains the various name spelling variations
of the name Bushens that were encountered when researching that surname. The many spelling variations included: Barnewall, Barnwall, Barnwill, Barnewill, Barnewell, Barnewelle, Barnwelle, Barnwell, Bernwell, Barneville and many more.
Early Notables of the Bushens family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was John Barnewall, 3rd Baron
Trimlestown (1534-1538); Robert Barnewall, 12th Baron
Trimlestown (c.1704-1779), a prominent Anglo-Irish landowner, active in the Roman Catholic cause... Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bushens Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bushens family to Ireland
Some of the Bushens family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 217 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bushens family to the New World and Oceana
During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families
often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North America. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine
of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Bushens: Nicholas Barnwel who settled in Barbados in 1679; John arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1798; Robert settled there in 1831; Thomas landed in New York state in 1823..
The Bushens Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Malo mori quam foedari
Motto Translation: I would rather die than be disgraced.