Buckland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Buckland comes from when the family resided in one of the various places called Buckland in the counties of Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Somerset and Surrey. [1] [2] The place-name is derived from the word laund, which referred to a space in the open woods where the deer grazed.

Early Origins of the Buckland family

The surname Buckland was first found in Buckingham at a village and civil parish in Aylesbury Vale district. This reference is by far the oldest but others include: Buckland, Kent a village near Dover; Buckland, Gloucestershire, a village and civil parish in the borough of Tewkesbury; Buckland, Hereford, a village and is part of Buckland and Chipping civil parish in East Hertfordshire; Buckland, Surrey a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district; and others.

One of the first records of the family was Hugh de Bocland or Hugh of Buckland (d. 1119?), Sheriff of Berkshire and several other counties, who "received his surname from the manor of Buckland, near Faringdon, of which he was tenant under the monastery of Abingdon. He was held in great esteem by Henry I, and that he was sheriff of eight counties. Six of these the evidence of charters enables us to identify, viz. Berkshire, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Essex, and Middlesex. " [3]

Geoffrey de Bocland ( fl. 1195-1224), was an English justice who was both a lawyer and a churchman. He was a justiciar in the years 1195-1197, 1201-1204, and in 1218. "As early as the beginning of [King] John's reign he was connected with the exchequer, and as late as 1220 he was a justice itinerant in the county of Hereford. " [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed the scattered entries and various early spellings: John de Bocklonde, Oxfordshire; Nicholas de Bocland, Kent; William de Boclond, Bedfordshire; and Phillip de Boclaund, Hertfordshire. [4]

Early History of the Buckland family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Buckland research. Another 74 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1564, 1611, 1564, 1648, 1710, 1695, 1765, 1747 and 1765 are included under the topic Early Buckland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buckland Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Buckland include Buckland, Bucland, Bucklin and others.

Early Notables of the Buckland family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Ralph Buckland (1564-1611), an English Catholic divine, born in 1564, the son of Edmund Buckland, who was descended from an ancient family living at West Harptree, Somersetshire. [3] Maurice Bocland or Bockland (1648-1710)...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Buckland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buckland Ranking

In the United States, the name Buckland is the 12,091st most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [5]


United States Buckland migration to the United States +

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Buckland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Buckland, who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Jon Buckland, who arrived in Virginia in 1634 [6]
  • William Buckland, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1634 [6]
  • Thomas Buckland, who landed in Massachusetts in 1635 [6]
  • Richard Buckland, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Buckland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Walter Buckland, who settled in New England in 1759

Canada Buckland migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Buckland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Augustina Buckland, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "General Hewitt" departing 22nd July 1847 from Bremen, Germany; the ship arrived on 12th September 1847 but he died on board [7]
  • William Buckland, who settled in Lower Burgeo, Newfoundland in 1857 [8]
  • Stephen Buckland was a planter of Harbour Le Cou in 1871
  • George Buckland was a fisherman of Mouse Island, Newfoundland in 1871 [8]
  • William Buckland was a fisherman of Ramea Islands in 1871

Australia Buckland migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Buckland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Frederick Buckland, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 26th May 1843, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [9]
  • John Buckland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Munn" in 1849 [10]
  • Eliza Buckland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Simlah" in 1849 [11]
  • Isaac B. Buckland, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Stebonheath" in 1849 [12]
  • Mr. Sylvanus Buckland, (b. 1832), aged 20, English labourer who was convicted in Bath, Somerset, England for 10 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Dudbrook" on 17th November 1852, arriving in Western Australia, he died in 1890 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Buckland migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Buckland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • M Buckland, who landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship George Fife
  • Thomas Buckland, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • William Buckland, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. Buckland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "George Fyffe" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 7th November 1842 [14]
  • Mrs. Buckland, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "George Fyffe" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 7th November 1842 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Buckland migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [15]
Buckland Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Christopher Buckland who settled in Barbados in 1635
  • Chri Buckland, aged 25, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [6]
  • Mr. Christopher Buckland, (b. 1610), aged 25, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [16]

Contemporary Notables of the name Buckland (post 1700) +

  • William Buckland (1734-1774), American architect, designer of many buildings in colonial Maryland and Virginia
  • William S. Buckland, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1932 [17]
  • Ralph Pomeroy Buckland (1812-1892), American Republican politician, Mayor of Fremont, Ohio, 1843; Member of Ohio State Senate, 1855; U.S. Representative from Ohio 9th District, 1865-69; Presidential Elector for Ohio, 1884 [17]
  • Katherine L. Buckland, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 2000 [17]
  • Gilman L. Buckland, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for New Hampshire State House of Representatives from Hampstead, 1938 [17]
  • Everett A. Buckland, American Republican politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from South Windsor; Defeated, 1912; Elected 1926 [17]
  • Erastus Buckland, American politician, Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from East Windsor, 1839 [17]
  • Edward A. Buckland, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 1st District, 1898, 1912 [17]
  • D. C. Buckland, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1860 [17]
  • The Very Rev. Dr William Buckland DD FRS (1784-1856), English geologist and palaeontologist, Dean of Westminster, born at Axminster in Devonshire in 1784 [18]
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 67)
  8. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asiatic
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN MUNN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnMunnPassengers.htm
  11. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The SIMLAH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Simlah.htm
  12. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) STEBONHEATH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Stebonheath.htm
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 23rd July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dudbrook
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  16. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  17. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 24) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  18. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 5 Feb. 2019


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