Brougher History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Brougher reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Brougher family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Brougher family lived in Devon. The name comes from the Norman area of Brovera or Brueria, now Breviare, near Caen, in Normandy. In its more obvious Old English derivation, the name indicates the bearer is a professional brewer of beers or ales, and stems from the root breowan, of the same meaning.
Early Origins of the Brougher family
The surname Brougher was first found in Devon where they were found "at the time of the Domesday Survey and founded Tor Abbey."  Another source provides more detail. "Of 32 Praemonstratensian monasteries in England, that of Torre, founded and endowed by William de Brewer in 1196, was by far the richest; it was dedicated to Our Holy Saviour, the Virgin Mary, and the Holy Trinity. "  Henry de Briwere is generally thought to be one of the first recorded there, held five fees in Devon during the reign of King Stephen (1135-1154.) 
William Brewer, Briwere or Bruer (d. 1226), was Baron and judge, the son of Henry Brewer (Dugdale, Baronage), who was "sheriff of Devon during the latter part of the reign of Henry II, and was a justice itinerant in 1187. He bought land at Ilesham in Devon, and received from the king the office of forester of the forest of Bere in Hampshire. When Richard left England, in December 1189, he appointed Brewer to be one of the four justices to whom he committed the charge of the kingdom. During the reign of John, Brewer held a prominent place among the king's counsellors. His name appears among the witnesses of the disgraceful treaty made with Philip at Thouars in 1206. He died in 1226, having assumed, probably when actually dying, as was not infrequently done, the habit of a monk at Dunkeswell, and was buried there in the church he had founded. During the reigns of John and Henry III he acquired great possessions. " 
Another noted source gives insight into St. Breward or Simon Ward, Cornwall and the aforementioned William Brewer. "According to popular opinion, as well as historical records, this parish derived its name from a warlike bishop, whose name it bears, and by whom its church was founded. William Brewer, who was consecrated Bishop of Exeter in 1224, was the son of Lord Brewer, Baron Odecomb in Somersetshire." 
Important Dates for the Brougher family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brougher research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1655, 1624, 1611 and 1611 are included under the topic Early Brougher History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Brougher Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Brewer, Bruer, Bruyere, Brewyer, Breuer, Brower and others.
Early Notables of the Brougher family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Antony Brewer ( fl. 1655), English dramatic writer who wrote 'The Love-sick King, an English Tragical History, with the Life and Death of Cartesmunda, the Fair Nun of Winchester.'
Thomas Brewer (fl. 1624), was an English miscellaneous writer, "of whose life no particulars are known...
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brougher Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Brougher family
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Brougher name or one of its variants: Daniel Brewer who settled in Barbados in 1680; John Brewer and his wife Marie, who came to Boston Massachusetts in 1632; Obadiah Brewer, who was on record in New England in 1647.
Contemporary Notables of the name Brougher (post 1700)
- Brigadier-General William Edward Brougher (1889-1965), American Commandant Camp Gordon (1947-1949) 
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) William Brougher. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Brougher/William_Edward/USA.html