Brazil History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Many variations of the name Brazil have evolved since the time of its initial creation. In Gaelic it appeared as O Breasail, possibly from the word bres, which means strife.

Early Origins of the Brazil family

The surname Brazil was first found in County Armagh (Irish: Ard Mhacha) located in the province of Ulster in present day Northern Ireland, where they held a family seat from ancient times. They were descended from Fiachrach Casan, the progenitor of the Clann Brassil, he was the son of King Colla da Crioch, one of Ireland's greatest kings, who was banished to the Hebrides in 327 A.D. after losing his fight for the High Kingship for all Ireland. Colla da Crioch returned to Ireland in 357.

Early History of the Brazil family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brazil research. Another 176 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brazil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brazil Spelling Variations

The Middle Ages saw a great number of spelling variations for surnames common to the Irish landscape. One reason for these variations is the fact that surnames were not rigidly fixed by this period. The following variations for the name Brazil were encountered in the archives: Brassil, Brassell, Brassilagh, Breasal, Brazil, Brazell, Braslan and many more.

Early Notables of the Brazil family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Brazil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Brazil migration to the United States +

In the 19th century, thousands of Irish left their English-occupied homeland for North America. Like most new world settlers, the Irish initially settled on the eastern shores of the continent but began to move westward with the promise of owning land. The height of this Irish migration came during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. With apparently nothing to lose, Irish people left on ships bound for North America and Australia. Unfortunately a great many of these passengers lost their lives - the only thing many had left - to disease, starvation, and accidents during the long and dangerous journey. Those who did safely arrive in "the land of opportunities" were often used for the hard labor of building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. The Irish were critical to the quick development of the infrastructure of the United States and Canada. Passenger and immigration lists indicate that members of the Brazil family came to North America quite early:

Brazil Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Cornelius Brazil, who settled in Tilting in 1825
  • Joseph Brazil, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1831
  • Francisco Jose Brazil, aged 22, who landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1842 [1]
  • Mary Brazil, who arrived in New York State in 1850 with her husband Michael
  • James Brazil, who settled in Tors Cove in 1871

Canada Brazil migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Brazil Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Brazil, who settled in Harbour Grace in 1776
  • Anne Brazil, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1794 [2]
Brazil Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Brazil from Kilmaida, Limerick, was a shoreman of Argentia, Newfoundland in 1811 [2]

Australia Brazil migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brazil Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Brazil, Irish convict who was convicted in Waterford, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. Michael Brazil, (b. 1816), aged 17, English convict who was convicted in Liverpool, Lancashire, England for 7 years for house breaking, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 3rd November 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1885 [4]
  • Mary Brazil, aged 18, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Sea Park"
  • James Brazil, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Melbourne"

Contemporary Notables of the name Brazil (post 1700) +

  • Harold Brazil (b. 1947), American lawyer and Democratic politician in Washington, D.C
  • Harold Brazil, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Mayor of Washington, District of Columbia, 1998 [5]
  • Edward A. Brazil, American Republican politician, Treasurer of New Hampshire Republican Party, 1957 [5]
  • Catherine Brazil, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Washington, 2008 [5]
  • Ann Brazil, American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Lewis County, 1956 [5]
  • Gary Nicholas Brazil (b. 1962), former English professional footballer and football manager
  • Alan Bernard Brazil (b. 1959), Scottish former football player and broadcaster
  • Angela Brazil (1868-1947), English writer
  • Maurice Brazil Prendergast (1858-1924), Canadian-born, American Post-Impressionist artist


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 17) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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