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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The surname Braxton was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor in the West Riding. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Barkston, held by Ilbert de Lacy as over-lord, a Norman Baron who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Barkston, Brakston, Braxton, Brackston, Barckston, Braxton, Barxton, Barkstead, Barksted and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Braxton research. Another 107 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1219 and 1662 are included under the topic Early Braxton History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Braxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Braxton name or one of its variants:

Braxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Tho. Braxton, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Tho Braxton, aged 20, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Robert Braxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1639
  • Robert Braxton, who settled in Virginia in 1639

Braxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • George Braxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1705
  • George Braxton, who landed in Virginia in 1705
  • Christipher Braxton, who arrived in Mississippi in 1798
  • Christipher Braxton, who came to Mississippi in 1798

Braxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Charles J. Braxton, who came to Texas in 1841

Braxton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Carter Braxton, who came to Ontario in 1871
  • Essex Braxton, who settled in Ontario in 1871


  • Tamar Braxton (b. 1978), American R&B singer
  • Toni Braxton (b. 1967), American singer, recipient of six Grammy awards selling over 40 million records worldwide
  • Edward Braxton (b. 1944), American Roman Catholic Bishop of Belleville
  • Anthony Braxton (b. 1945), American musician & composer
  • Carter Braxton (1736-1797), American signer of Declaration of Independence


  • A Braxton Family Genealogy: Descendants of John Braxton (1782-1860) and Mary Pol.
  • Love (1801-1844) by Boonie Woody Braxton.
  • The History of Blair, Banister, and Braxton Families Before and After the Revolution by Frederick Horner.

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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  2. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  3. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  4. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  5. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  8. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  9. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  11. ...

The Braxton Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Braxton Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 January 2016 at 09:27.

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