Braxton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Early Origins of the Braxton family
The surname Braxton was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor in the West Riding. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book,  indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Barkston, held by Ilbert de Lacy as over-lord, a Norman Baron who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.
Early History of the Braxton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Braxton research. Another 54 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1219, 1662, 1662, 1611, 1607 and 1611 are included under the topic Early Braxton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Braxton Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Barkston, Brakston, Braxton, Brackston, Barckston, Braxton, Barxton, Barkstead, Barksted and many more.
Early Notables of the Braxton family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Barkstead (died 1662), an English Major-General, convicted of Regicide of Charles I. "Three prisoners were immediately sent to England, and, as they had been previously outlawed, their trial turned entirely on the question of identity. Barkstead, with his companions, was executed on 19 April 1662. He showed great courage...
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Braxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Braxton migration to the United States +
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Braxton name or one of its variants:
Braxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Tho. Braxton, who settled in Virginia in 1635
- Tho Braxton, aged 20, who landed in Virginia in 1635 
- Robert Braxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1639 
- Robert Braxton, who settled in Virginia in 1639
Braxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- George Braxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1705
- George Braxton, who landed in Virginia in 1705 
- Christipher Braxton, who arrived in Mississippi in 1798 
- Christipher Braxton, who settled in Mississippi in 1798
Braxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Charles J. Braxton, who settled in Texas in 1841
Braxton migration to Canada +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Braxton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Carter Braxton, who settled in Ontario in 1871
- Essex Braxton, who settled in Ontario in 1871
Contemporary Notables of the name Braxton (post 1700) +
- Trina Evette Braxton (b. 1974), American singer, actress and reality television personality
- Traci Renee Braxton (b. 1971), American singer, reality television personality and Radio personality
- Hezekiah Ezekial Braxton III (1934-2013), American football player who played running back for two seasons for the San Diego Chargers and Buffalo Bills (1962-1963)
- Elliott Muse Braxton (1823-1891), American politician and lawyer from Virginia, great-grandson of Carter Braxton
- Allen Caperton Braxton (1862-1914), American lawyer and member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902, considered the founder of the Virginia State Corporation Commission
- Carter Braxton (1736-1797), American merchant, planter, and Virginia politician, signer of Declaration of Independence
- Anthony Braxton (b. 1945), American musician & composer who has released well over 100 albums since the 1960s
- Tamar Braxton (b. 1978), American R&B singer
- Toni Braxton (b. 1967), American singer, recipient of six Grammy awards selling over 40 million records worldwide
- Edward Braxton (b. 1944), American Roman Catholic Bishop of Belleville
Related Stories +
Suggested Readings for the name Braxton +
- 2831 "A Braxton Family Genealogy: Descendants of John Braxton (1782-1860) and Mary "Polly" Love (1801-1844)" by Boonie Woody Braxton, "The History of Blair, Banister, and Braxton Families Before and After the Revolution" by Frederick Horner.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)