Brancum History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The origins of the Brancum name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived in Devon, where they held a family seat at Branscombe in the 9th century. Shortly after the Norman Conquest the estates of Branscombe were owned by the Bishop of Exeter and according to the Domesday Book,  150 sheep were part of the holdings contributed to the supplies of the Abbey of Exeter.
Early Origins of the Brancum family
The surname Brancum was first found in Devon at Branscombe, a village that dates back to the ninth century. At that time, the village was named Branecescumbe but by the Domesday Book of 1086, it was listed there as Branchescome. The estates of Branscombe were owned by the Bishop of Exeter and the 150 sheep which was part of the holdings contributed to the supplies of the Abbey of Exeter.  The place name literally means "valley of a man called Branoc," for the Celtic personal name + the Old English "Cumb."  One of the earliest records of the surname was Walter Branscombe (Bronscombe, Branescombe, Bronescombe, Bronescomb c. 1220-1280), born in Exeter, an early English priest, Bishop of Exeter from 1258 to 1280; he is buried in Exeter Castle.
"The church [of Colon, Cornwall] is said to have been erected and endowed by Walter Bronscomb, bishop of Exeter, about the year 1250, and by him appropriated to the Augustine canons of his college of Glaseney near Penryn." 
Early History of the Brancum family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brancum research. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 132 and 1327 are included under the topic Early Brancum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Brancum Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Brancum were recorded, including Brancomb, Bronscombe, Branscom, Bronscom and others.
Early Notables of the Brancum family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Brancum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Brancum family
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Brancum family emigrate to North America: James Branscomb who settled in Barbados in 1692.
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print