Bothwell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Scottish surname Bothwell comes from a place in Lanarkshire, derived from the Middle English words "bothy," meaning a "small hut," and "well," meaning a "spring," or "stream," or "wyell," which denoted a fishing pool in the river."The place name is derived from a 'weyll' or fishpool in the Clyde." 
Another source notes "the name is supposed, by some, to be derived from Both, an eminence, and wall, a castle, terms applied to the parish from the elevated situation of Bothwell Castle above the river Clyde; others derive it from two Celtic words, both, signifying a dwelling, and ael, or hyl, a river, as descriptive of the castle in its contiguity to the river." 
Early Origins of the Bothwell family
The surname Bothwell was first found in Lanarkshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, possibly even before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The earliest record found of the name is of William de Bothvile, who witnessed a grant in Circa 1190-1220. A Roger de Bodevill was a juror on inquisition relating to the lands of Hopkelchoc, in 1259. 
"As for the antiquity of this name, the first that I have met with is one Arthur Bothwell, of Adam, who was knighted by King James IV., whose son was likewise a knight, called Sir Francis." 
Early History of the Bothwell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bothwell research. Another 132 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1347, 1366, 1369, 1342, 1536, 1578, 1527, 1593, 1617, 1663, 1640, 1644, 1609 and are included under the topic Early Bothwell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bothwell Spelling Variations
Spelling variations of this family name include: Bothwell, Borthwell, Bothwel, Borthwel, Bothewell, Boduel and many more.
Early Notables of the Bothwell family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family at this time was Richard de Botheuile, provost of Aberdeen in 1342; and James Hepburn Bothwell (1536-1578), 4th Earl Bothwell, Scottish nobleman, third husband of Mary Queen of Scots
Adam Bothwell (1527?-1593), was Bishop...
In the United States, the name Bothwell is the 12,261st most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. 
Migration of the Bothwell family to Ireland
Some of the Bothwell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Bothwell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Bothwell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Bothwell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Obdura adversus urgentia
Motto Translation: Not yielding to provocations.