Anglo-Saxon name Bollingbrook comes from when the family resided in the parish of Bolingbrooke. The place dates back to the Domesday Book as Bolinbroc from the Old English Bulingbroc, which literally meant brook associated with a bull. Today there is also a village named New Bolingbroke located in the Lincolnshire Fens about 10km east of Coningsby.
Early Origins of the Bollingbrook family
Lincolnshire. Undoubtedly, one of the most interesting aspects of this surname is that King Henry IV of England, was also known as Henry of Bolingbroke because he was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire. The castle, now in ruins, was first fortified by the Saxons in the 6th or 7th century. In the 12th century the Normans built a Motte-and-bailey on a nearby hill above the settlement of Bolingbroke. The present structure was founded by Ranulf, Earl of Chester, in 1220 shortly after he returned from the Fifth Crusade. Lucy of Bolingbroke (died c. 1138) was an Anglo-Norman heiress and later in life, countess of Chester.
Early History of the Bollingbrook family
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Bollingbrook Spelling Variations
spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Bollingbrook has been recorded under many different variations, including Bolingbroke, Bollingbroke, Bolingbrook, Bullingbroke, Bullingbrook, Bollingbrooke, Bulingbroc, Bolingbrok, Bullyngbroke and many more.
Early Notables of the Bollingbrook family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Bollingbrook family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Bollingbrook or a variant listed above: a number of settlers who arrived by the 19th century.
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