Bollingbrok History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Bollingbrok name has descended through the generations from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. Their name comes from having lived in the parish of Bolingbrooke. The place dates back to the Domesday Book as Bolinbroc  from the Old English Bulingbroc, which literally meant brook associated with a bull. 
Today there is also a village named New Bolingbroke located in the Lincolnshire Fens about 10km east of Coningsby.
Early Origins of the Bollingbrok family
The surname Bollingbrok was first found in Lincolnshire. Undoubtedly, one of the most interesting aspects of this surname is that King Henry IV of England, was also known as Henry of Bolingbroke because he was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire. The castle, now in ruins, was first fortified by the Saxons in the 6th or 7th century. In the 12th century the Normans built a Motte-and-bailey on a nearby hill above the settlement of Bolingbroke. The present structure was founded by Ranulf, Earl of Chester, in 1220 shortly after he returned from the Fifth Crusade.
Another source explains the castle's origin in a slightly different manner: "A castle was built by William de Romara, Earl of Lincoln, of which his descendant, Alicia de Lacey, was dispossessed by Edward II. Henry IV. was born in this fortress, and from it took the name of Henry of Bolingbroke: it was nearly demolished in the civil wars, the south-west tower being all that remains." 
Lucy of Bolingbroke (died c. 1138) was an Anglo-Norman heiress and later in life, Countess of Chester. William de Bullingbroc was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1170-1180 in Lincolnshire and later, John be Bolingbrok was recorded in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1275 in Yorkshire. Much later, John Bullyngbroke was listed in Nottinghamshire in 1476 and William Bolyngbroke was found in the same shire in 1503. 
Early History of the Bollingbrok family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bollingbrok research. Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1367, 1170, 1275, 1295, 1476, 1503, 1500 and 1441 are included under the topic Early Bollingbrok History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bollingbrok Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Bollingbrok has undergone many spelling variations, including Bolingbroke, Bollingbroke, Bolingbrook, Bullingbroke, Bullingbrook, Bollingbrooke, Bulingbroc, Bolingbrok, Bullyngbroke and many more.
Early Notables of the Bollingbrok family (pre 1700)
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bollingbrok Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bollingbrok family
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Bollingbrok were among those contributors: a number of settlers who arrived by the 19th century.