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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


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The surname Birchfield was first found in Berkshire, where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Burghfield, held by Henry de Ferrers, man at arms, Master of the Horse to the Duke of Normandy, from Ralph de Mortimer, a Norman Baron, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Burghfield, Burchfield, Birchfield, Berchfield, Berghfield, Birkfield, Burkfield, Bergfield and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Birchfield research. Another 154 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Birchfield History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Birchfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Samuell Burchfeild, who arrived in Maryland in 1665; John A. Burchfield, who was naturalized in Ohio in 1879; and Wm. Cranfield Burchfield, who settled in Nebraska in 1872..

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  • Constance Alice Birchfield (1898-1994), New Zealand housekeeper, trade unionist, hotel maid, communist, bookseller and political activist


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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  3. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  4. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  5. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  6. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  7. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  8. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  9. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  10. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  11. ...

The Birchfield Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Birchfield Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 March 2012 at 14:19.

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