Bilyard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Bilyard is a name whose history is connected to the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Bilyard family once lived in Surrey. As a local name, it was derived from the local 'at the hill-garth' or 'hill-yard.' [1]

"Hildyard, formerly Hildheard, [was] an ancient personal name. The family are said to have sprung from Robert Hildheard, of Normanby, Yorkshire, in the year 1109." [2]

Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the Old German Hildigard, Hildiardis (f) ‘war stronghold’ [3]

And finally, the name could also have been an occupational name for a hellier who was a roofer, tiler, or thatcher.

Early Origins of the Bilyard family

The surname Bilyard was first found in Surrey where the name was first listed as a forename, Hildiard de Trule in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1206. Hyldeiard (with no forename) was registered in the Feet of Fines for Essex in 1228 and Robert Hildyard, Hiliard was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls for 1275 in Yorkshire. [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Robert de Hildgard, Yorkshire; Robert de Hildyard, Yorkshire; Robert Hiliard, Yorkshire; Robert Hildeyerd, Yorkshire. "These four entries represent, no doubt, the same individual." [1]

Early History of the Bilyard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bilyard research. Another 157 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1109, 1485, 1660, 1612, 1685, 1670, 1729, 1716, 1781, 1743, 1814, 1602, 1537, 1619, 1640, 1690, 1746, 1689, 1690, 1743 and 1746 are included under the topic Early Bilyard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bilyard Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Bilyard family name include Hilliard, Hildyard, Hillard, Hildheard and others.

Early Notables of the Bilyard family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Sir Christopher Hildyard (d. 1602), whose tomb is in Church of St. German in Winestead, as well as a Hildyard, Sheriff of Nottingham. Nicholas Hilliard (1537-1619), was an English miniature painter, court painter to Elizabeth and to James I. His son, Lawrence Hilliard (d. 1640), English miniature painter continued his father's work. [4] Thomas Hildeyard (1690-1746), was a Jesuit, of a respectable Lincolnshire...
Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bilyard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Australia Bilyard migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Bilyard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Bilyard, English convict who was convicted in Norwich, Norfolk, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 9th May 1844, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [5]


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Burke, John and Burke, Sir Bernard, C.B. LL.D Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage . London: Harrison, 59, Pall Mall, 1865, Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa


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