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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Bickley family come from? What is the English Bickley family crest and coat of arms? When did the Bickley family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Bickley family history?

The origins of the Bickley name come from when the Anglo-Saxon tribes ruled over Britain. The name Bickley was originally derived from a family having lived in the town of Bickley in the county of Devon. This place-name is derived from the Anglo Saxon personal name Bicca meaning pickaxe, and the Old English word leigh, meaning wooded area.

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Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Bickley include Bickley, Bickle, Bickler, Bickleigh, Bigley, Bigly, Biglay and many more.

First found in Devon, where they had been from ancient times, long before the Norman Conquest in 1066.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bickley research. Another 298 words(21 lines of text) covering the years 1400, 1518, and 1596 are included under the topic Early Bickley History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 40 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bickley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Bickley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Richard Bickley settled in Virginia in 1624
  • Richard Bickley, who landed in Virginia in 1624
  • Francis Bickley, who landed in Virginia in 1657
  • Thomas Bickley, who arrived in Virginia in 1664

Bickley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Sarah Bickley settled in Maryland in 1740
  • Sarah Bickley who settled in Maryland in 1740
  • Joseph Bickley, who landed in Virginia in 1751

Bickley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • James Bickley, aged 15, arrived in New York in 1830

Bickley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • John Bickley, aged 26, a stonemason, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Rajah"
  • John Bickley arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Rajah" in 1849
  • Martin Bickley, aged 38, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Grand Trianon"
  • John Bickley, aged 16, a bricklayer, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Grand Trianon"
  • Harriet Bickley, aged 49, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Storm Cloud"


Bickley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • William Bickley, aged 21, a bricklayer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Ann Bickley, aged 22, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Robert Bickley, aged 18, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Douglas" in 1873

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  • George Harvey Bickley (1868-1924), American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • George Washington Lafayette Bickley (1819-1867), founder of the Knights of the Golden Circle, a Civil War era secret society
  • Graham Bickley (b. 1958), English actor
  • Wallace Alexander Bickley (1810-1876), English-born early settler in colonial Western Australia, who became a Member of the Western Australian Legislative Council, eponym of Bickley, a suburb of Perth
  • Mark Alan Bickley (b. 1969), Australian sports broadcaster and former Australian rules footballer
  • Francis Bickley (1885-1976), Author


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  1. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  2. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  3. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  4. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  6. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  7. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  8. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  9. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  10. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  11. ...

The Bickley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Bickley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 April 2012 at 17:55.

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