Bicklay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancient history of the Bicklay name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the town of Bickleigh in the county of Devon. This place-name is derived from the Anglo Saxon personal name Bicca meaning pickaxe, and the Old English word leigh, meaning wooded area.
Early Origins of the Bicklay family
The surname Bicklay was first found in Devon, at Bickleigh, a parish, in the union of Tiverton, hundred of Hayridge, 4 miles from Tiverton.  Bickleigh is also a parish, in the union of Plympton St. Mary, hundred of Roborough in Devon. 
Bickley is a township, in the parish of Malpas, union of Nantwich, Higher division of the hundred of Broxton, S. division of the county of Chester. 
Early History of the Bicklay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bicklay research. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1400, 1661, 1754, 1415, 1426, 1529, 1582, 1670, 1623, 1681, 1644, 1687, 1667, 1746, 1518, 1596, 1569, 1585, 1586 and 1596 are included under the topic Early Bicklay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bicklay Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Bicklay include Bickley, Bickle, Bickler, Bickleigh, Bigley, Bigly, Biglay and many more.
Early Notables of the Bicklay family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: John Bickley, Member of the Parliament for Huntingdon in 1415 and 1426; John Bickley, Member of the Parliament for Stafford in 1529; Sir Francis Bickley, 1st Baronet (c. 1582-1670); Sir Francis Bickley, 2nd Baronet (c. 1623-1681); Sir Francis Bickley, 3rd Baronet (1644-1687); and Sir Francis Bickley, 4th...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bicklay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bicklay family
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Bicklay or a variant listed above: Sarah Bickley who settled in Maryland in 1740; Philip Bickler arrived in Philadelphia in 1744; Adam Bickle arrived in Pennsylvania in 1751 with wife and children.
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
- Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.