The surname is one of the Anglo-Norman surnames that came to Ireland
in the 12th century. Ireland
already had an established system of hereditary surnames
, often the two traditions blended together quite well, but the incoming Anglo- Normans
also brought with them local
surnames, such as Barnwelle. Local
names were taken from the names of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born, some from places in Normandy
, or more typically, from England
. Originally, the place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname if the place name began with a vowel or was eliminated entirely. The Barnwelle family appears to have originally lived in either of the settlements called Barnwell in the English counties of Cambridge and Northumberland
. The Gaelic form of the surname Barnwelle is de Bearnabhal.
Early Origins of the Barnwelle family
The surname Barnwelle was first found in County Meath
at Crickstown Castle. "De Bernvale, accompanied William the Conqueror to England
in 1066. He came from Lower Brittany
, and was allied to the dukes of that province" CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Another source is more specific: "Sir Michael de Berneval, a scion of the family founded by the Norman knight, joined the English expedition fitted out against Ireland
and affected a descent upon Beerhaven in the co. of Cork. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Barnwelle family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Barnwelle research.Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1646, 1640, 1534, 1538, 1704, 1779, 1779, 1842, 1500, 1552, 1522, 1575, 1592 and 1663 are included under the topic Early Barnwelle History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Barnwelle Spelling Variations
During the Middle Ages, a single person often had their name recorded by church officials and scribes many different ways. Names were typically spelt as they sounded, which resulted in many different spelling variations
. The many versions of the name Barnwelle to have been recorded over the years include: Barnewall, Barnwall, Barnwill, Barnewill, Barnewell, Barnewelle, Barnwelle, Barnwell, Bernwell, Barneville and many more.
Early Notables of the Barnwelle family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was John Barnewall, 3rd Baron
Trimlestown (1534-1538); Robert Barnewall, 12th Baron
Trimlestown (c.1704-1779), a prominent Anglo-Irish landowner, active in the Roman Catholic cause... Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Barnwelle Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Barnwelle family to Ireland
Some of the Barnwelle family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 217 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Barnwelle family to the New World and Oceana
Ireland's Great Potato Famine
left the country's inhabitants in extreme poverty and starvation. Many families left their homeland for North America for the promise of work, freedom and land ownership. Although the Irish were not free of economic and racial discrimination in North America, they did contribute greatly to the rapid development of bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Eventually, they would be accepted in other areas such as commerce, education, and the arts. An examination of immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Barnwelle: Nicholas Barnwel who settled in Barbados in 1679; John arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1798; Robert settled there in 1831; Thomas landed in New York state in 1823..
The Barnwelle Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Malo mori quam foedari
Motto Translation: I would rather die than be disgraced.