Barley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The lineage of the name Barley begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in the county of Hertfordshire, where they took their name from the parish of Barley. This parish dates back to Saxon times when it known as Beranlei c. 1050. By the time of the Domesday Book of 1086, it was known as Berlai and probably meant "woodland clearing of a man called Be(o)ra," from the Old Egnlish personal name + "leah." 
The township of Barley in Lancashire dates back to at least 1324 when it was known as Baylegh.  It has a similar origin but in early days had a different spelling.
Early Origins of the Barley family
The surname Barley was first found in Herefordshire where the Saxon name Leofric de Berle was recorded c. 975.  In Warwickshire, Jordan Barlie was listed there in the Assize Rolls for 1221. In Cambridgeshire, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 include William de Berele. 
According to Reaney, Barleyman is an interesting variant. It is a "metonymy for a maker or seller of barley-bread or cakes." and in this case, Josce Barlibred who was listed in the Pipe Rolls for Norfolk for 1185 is the first entry. 
Early History of the Barley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Barley research. Another 76 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1591, 1451, 1521, 1501, 1466, 1487, 1529, 1529, 1557, 1565 and 1614 are included under the topic Early Barley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Barley Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Barley has undergone many spelling variations, including Barley, Barly, Barely, Barle, Barlay and others.
Early Notables of the Barley family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include William Barley (1451-1521) of Albury, Hertfordshire. He was attainted of treason for his support of Perkin Warbeck and lost all his lands. Pardoned in 1501, he was once again in possession of his lands, including the manors of Wicken, Elsenham, Albury, Wickhamstead and Moulsham. he was High Sheriff of...
In the United States, the name Barley is the 9,745th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. 
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Barley were among those contributors:
Barley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
Barley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Barley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Barley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Barley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Barley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. 
Barley Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century