Arth History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient Pictish-Scottish family that first used the name Arth lived in the barony of Airth in Stirlingshire. "The Gaelic term ard, or ardhé, signifying a hill, is supposed to have given the name to this place, in which the eminence called the Hill of Airth is a conspicuous feature, and forms a striking contrast to the level district by which it is surrounded." [1]

Early Origins of the Arth family

The surname Arth was first found in the county of Stirling (Gaelic: Siorrachd Sruighlea), a former county in central Scotland, which now makes up parts of the Council Areas of East Dunbartonshire, Falkirk, North Lanarkshire and Stirling, where they were long settled in the barony of Airth near Larbert, Stirlingshire.

"A not very common surname derived from the barony of Airth near Larbert, Stirlingshire. About the year 1200 William de Arthe witnessed a grant to the Abbey of Cambuskemielh . Richard Derth (i.e. d'Erth) is mentioned as falconer to the king of Scotland in 1212, and Bain notes in his preface that Airth was a famed breeding place of falcons. " [2]

The Earth spelling is an interesting one. We could find only one reference for the name to the far south in the parish of Saltash, Cornwall: "The barton of Earth, which is called a manor in a record of 1620, at which time it is said to have been held under the manor of Bigbury in Devonshire, was in ancient times the property and the seat of the ancient family of Earth, by whose heiress, when the male branches became extinct, it was carried to the Bonds." [3]

Early History of the Arth family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arth research. Another 306 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1248, 1271, 1291, 1296, 1296, 1296, 1300, 1331, 1364 and 1369 are included under the topic Early Arth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arth Spelling Variations

The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Arth has been spelled Airth, Airthe, Arthe, D'Arthe, Dearthe, D'Airth, Dairth(e), Erth, D'Erth and many more.

Early Notables of the Arth family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Arth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Arth migration to the United States +

This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Arth:

Arth Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Arth who arrived in Philadelphia in 1740
  • Joh Henry Arth, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1740 [4]
  • John Henry Arth, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740 [4]
Arth Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Georg Peter Arth, who arrived in Brazil in 1825 [4]
  • Daniel Arth, who landed in North America in 1847 [4]
  • Franz Jakob Arth, who landed in North America in 1860 [4]
  • Ernst Arth, who arrived in New York in 1881 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Arth (post 1700) +

  • Jeanne Arth, American Wimbledon and US Open doubles tennis champion (1958-59)
  • William M. Arth, American politician, Socialist Workers Candidate for U.S. Senator from Utah, 1988 [5]
  • C. Robert Arth, American politician, Mayor of Arcadia, California, 1969-70, 1973-74 [5]


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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