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Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Arnell is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

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The surname Arnell was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Arnell that are preserved in archival documents are O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arnell research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Arnell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill ( c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...

Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arnell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Irish families left their homeland in astonishing numbers during the 19th century in search of a better life. Although individual reasons vary, most of these Irish families suffered from extreme poverty, lack of work opportunities, and exorbitant rents in their homeland. Many decided to travel to Australia or North America in the hopes of finding greater opportunities and land. The Irish immigrants that came to North America initially settled on the East Coast, often in major centers such as Boston or New York. But like the many other cultures to settle in North America, the Irish traveled to almost any region they felt held greater promise; as a result, many Irish with gold fever moved all the way out to the Pacific coast. Others before that time left for land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula, or the Maritimes as United Empire Loyalists, for many Irish did choose to side with the English during the American War of Independence. The earliest wave of Irish migration, however, occurred during the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. An examination of early immigration and passenger lists has revealed many people bearing the Arnell name:

Arnell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Thomas Arnell, who arrived in Maryland in 1662
  • Eliz Arnell, who landed in Virginia in 1664
  • Sarah Arnell, who landed in Maryland in 1672
  • Grace Arnell, who arrived in Maryland in 1680

Arnell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • William Arnell Jr., who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773

Arnell Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • John C. Arnell, aged 42, who emigrated to the United States, in 1905
  • Charles Arnell, aged 18, who emigrated to the United States, in 1920
  • Emil Arnell, aged 41, who emigrated to the United States, in 1920
  • Fredrick Arnell, aged 27, who landed in America, in 1921
  • Chas. Arnell, aged 20, who settled in America, in 1922
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Arnell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Susannah Arnell, aged 18, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Marion"
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  • Samuel Mayes Arnell (1833-1903), American politician
  • Samuel Mayes Arnell (1833-1903), American Republican politician, Member of Tennessee State House of Representatives, 1865-66; U.S. Representative from Tennessee 6th District, 1866-71
  • Robert Arnell, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Delaware, 1896
  • Alan Arnell (b. 1933), English-born former footballer
  • Richard Anthony Sayer "Tony" Arnell (1917-2009), English composer of classical music
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    2. Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
    3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    5. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
    6. Sullivan, Sir Edward. The Book of Kells 3rd Edition. New York: Crescent Books, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-517-61987-3).
    7. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    8. MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
    9. Tepper, Michael Ed & Elizabeth P. Bentley Transcriber. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia 1800-1819. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986. Print.
    10. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    11. ...

    The Arnell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Arnell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 7 January 2016 at 11:36.

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