The name Argand arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Argand family lived in Bedfordshire
in the south of England
, where they held lands since the early Middle Ages. The family were "from the town and castle of Argenton, Berry, held in 1080 be Geoffroi, Sire d'Argenton, whose descendants continued there for twelve generations. David d'Argenton (perhaps his brother) held lands de capite in Cambridgeshire
(Domesday.) He is styled David de Argentomago or Argentomo; but the name gradually lapsed to Argentein or Argentine. His manor or Wymondley in Cambridgeshire
was held by grand serjeanty, 'to serve the King on his coronation day with a silver cup'; and the English Argentines consequently substituted three covered cups to the torteauxes that had been borne by their ancestors in France." CITATION[CLOSE]
Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 1 of 3
Early Origins of the Argand family
The surname Argand was first found in Bedfordshire
in the south of England
. "The descendants of this Norman chieftain
, David de Argentine, became feudal
barons of great personal distinction. Reginald de Argentine, who appears to have been fifth in descent from the companion in arms of the Conqueror, succeeded all his father Giles de Argentine's vast estates, including the manor of Great Wymondeley, in Cambridgeshire
. Of the same ancestry was Reginald de Argentine, who, in the 21 Henry III being a knight templar, was standard bearer of the Christian army in a great battle against the Turks, near Antioch, wherein he was slain." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Other early records include Geoffrey Argent was listed in the Pipe Rolls
of Northamptonshire in 1180. The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 list: Richard de Arengtein in Hertfordshire
and Reginald de Argente in Essex
. Reginald de Argentein was listed in the Feet of Fines in Norfolk
in 1281. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Argand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Argand research.Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1507, 1625 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Argand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Argand Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Argent, Argentine, Argenton, Argente and others.
Early Notables of the Argand family (pre 1700)
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Argand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Argand family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Argand or a variant listed above were: William Argent, who settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1672; Sarah Argent, who settled in Maryland in 1678; George Argent, who settled in North Carolina in 1736.
Contemporary Notables of the name Argand (post 1700)
- Émile Argand (1879-1940), Swiss geologist
- Aimé Argand (1755-1802), Swiss physicist and chemist and inventor of the argand lamp
- Jean Robert Argand (1768-1822), Swiss mathematician