Arda History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Of all the Anglo-Saxon names to come from Britain, Arda is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in Upper Hardres or Lower Hardres, near Canterbury referred to as Hardres. Both parishes dates back to Saxon times where they were collectively known as Haredum in 785. [1] By the Domesday Book of 1086, the parishes were known as Hardes. [2] The place names literally mean "place at the woods," from the Old English "harad." [1]

Early Origins of the Arda family

The surname Arda was first found in Kent, where family members were Lords of the manor Lyminge. The earliest recorded ancestor is Robert de Hardres, who lived during the reigns of Edward the Confessor and William the Conqueror. He held his lands from the Archbishop of Canterbury, which consisted of a church, a mill, and a fishery of forty eels, as recorded in the Domesday Book. [2]

"There are two parishes in that county so called, and Hardres Court was the family seat down to the extinction of the baronetcy in 1764. The family derived from Ardres in Picardy and conferred their name upon the Kentish localities-a circumstance of rare but not of unique occurrence. "[3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two listings for the family, both in Kent: Gunnora de Hardres; and Robert de Hardres. [4]

Early History of the Arda family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arda research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1642, 1606, 1669, 1635, 1673, 1660, 1688, 1686, 1736, 1718, 1764, 1676, 1610, 1681, 1664 and 1679 are included under the topic Early Arda History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arda Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Arda has been spelled many different ways, including Hardress, Hardres, Hardresse, Hardrese, Harders and many more.

Early Notables of the Arda family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Richard Hadres of Kent, Baronet, who was buried in London in 1676; and Sir Thomas Hardres (1610-1681), an English barrister and politician, Member of Parliament for Canterbury, Kent (1664), King's Serjeant (1679). He was...
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arda Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Arda family

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Ardas to arrive in North America: Tryntie Harders, who sailed to New York in 1643; J.G. harder to Philadelphia, Pa. in 1808; and J.W. Harders, who settled in San Francisco, Cal. in 1853..


Contemporary Notables of the name Arda (post 1700) +

  • Arda "Ard" Crawford Bowser (1899-1996), American professional NFL football player


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)


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