Arbuthnoth History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Arbuthnoth, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. The ancestors of the Arbuthnoth family lived in the old barony of Arbuthnot in Kincardineshire where the name was found since very early times. As surname usage became more prevalent in the 11th century, names based on the name of the localisty of the bearer where quite common. The first bearer of this name on record was Hugh de Aberbothenoth, also known as "Dominus" and "Thanus" de Aberbuthenoth, who lived in the time of King William I, the Lion of Scotland (1143-1214.)
Early Origins of the Arbuthnoth family
The surname Arbuthnoth was first found in the county of Kincardineshire (Gaelic: A' Mhaoirne), a former county on the northeast coast of the Grampian region of Scotland, and part of the Aberdeenshire Council Area since 1996, from very ancient times, being from the old barony of Arbuthnot.   
"The first of the name in record appears to have been Hugh de Aberbothenoth, who flourished in the reign of William the Lion, and was variously designated 'Dominus' and 'Thanus' de Aberbuthenoth. He obtained his lands from Walter Olifard, son or nephew of Osbert Olifard, sheriff of the Mearns, who died before 1206." 
In 1150, Hugh Arbuthnot obtained the lands from William Olifard in a dispute with then sheriff of Mearns. He is the first recorded Chief, although it is contended that the Clan records go back to 1105 A.D. "Philip de Arbuthnott who succeeded in 1335 (or 1355) appears to have been the first designated dominus ejusdem, 'of that Ilk.'"  He was directly descended from the aforementioned Hugh Arbuthnot.
"In the early part of the eighteenth century the Arbuthnets are described as 'the most thriving name' in Peterhead." 
Arbuthnott is a small village in northeast Scotland, 26 miles south of Aberdeen.
Early History of the Arbuthnoth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arbuthnoth research. Another 181 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1105, 1335, 1667, 1735, 1920, 1538, 1583, 1585, 1625, 1655, 1641, 1654, 1705, 1689, 1702, 1682, 1674, 1721, 1707, 1654, 1705, 1689, 1702, 1667 and 1735 are included under the topic Early Arbuthnoth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arbuthnoth Spelling Variations
Although Medieval Scotland lacked a basic set of spelling rules, which meant that scribes recorded names according to their sounds it was not uncommon for the names of a father and son to be recorded differently. As a result, there are many spelling variations of Scottish single names. Arbuthnoth has been written Arbutnott, Arbuthnott, Arbuthnet, Arbuthnett, Arbuthnoth, Arbutton, Arbothnet, Erbutnott and many more.
Early Notables of the Arbuthnoth family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Alexander Arbuthnot (1538-1583), a Scotch divine and poet, second son of Andrew Arbuthnot, of Pitcarles; Alexander Arbuthnot or Arbuthnet (d. 1585), Scottish merchant burgess and printer of Edinburgh who with Thomas Bassandyne, brought out the first Bible issued in Scotland; Robert Arbuthnot (c.1625-1655), created 1st Viscount of Arbuthnott in 1641 by Charles I of England, a Scottish Peer and Privy Counsellor; and his second son, Alexander Arbuthnot of Knox, Sr (1654-1705) was a Scottish politician for Kincardineshire as Commissioner...
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arbuthnoth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Arbuthnoth family
Thousands of Scots left their home country to travel to Ireland or Australia, or to cross the Atlantic for the North American colonies. The difficult crossing was an enormous hurdle, but those who survived found freedom and opportunity in ample measure. Some Scots even fought for their freedom in the American War of Independence. This century, their ancestors have become aware of the illustrious history of the Scots in North America and at home through Clan societies and other organizations. Passenger and immigration lists show many early and influential immigrants bearing the name Arbuthnoth: John Arbuthnot who settled in Philadelphia in 1747; James and William Arbutton settled in Philadelphia in 1798 as well as James Arbuthnot, who came to Maryland in 1864..
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Laus Deo
Motto Translation: Praise be to God.
- Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.