Anchor History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The distinguished surname Anchor first came to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is derived from the Old French "anchier," meaning "anchorite" or "religious recluse," and was likely first bestowed as a nickname on someone with a reclusive or fanatically religious character.

Early Origins of the Anchor family

The surname Anchor was first found in the northern counties of England. After the Norman Conquest, natives of Normandy left their native land to settle in England; it is thought that the Anchor family is descended from a Norman settler who bore the name Anchier.

Early History of the Anchor family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Anchor research. Another 81 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1208, 1379, and 1395 are included under the topic Early Anchor History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Anchor Spelling Variations

A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Ankers, Anker, Ankier, Anchor, Annacker, Annercaw and others.

Early Notables of the Anchor family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Anchor Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Anchor family to Ireland

Some of the Anchor family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Anchor migration to the United States +

Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Anchor or a variant listed above:

Anchor Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Anchor, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1646 [1]

Australia Anchor migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Anchor Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Daniel Anchor, British convict who was convicted in Kent, England for life, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, the settlement was listed as abandoned and most of the convicts transported to Tasmania on the "Queen" in 1804 [2]


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/calcutta


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