Alnwick History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Alnwick family

The surname Alnwick was first found in Northumberland in Alnwick, a market town and parish, and the head of a union, in the E. division of Coquetdale ward. "This place, which is of great antiquity, was occupied at a very early period by the Danes or Saxons, who called it Ealnwic, from its situation near the river Alne, and built a strong Castle for its defence on a site supposed to have been previously occupied by a Roman fortress. The castle thus erected, after the Norman Conquest, became the baronial residence of Ivo de Vescy, lord of Alnwick, to whom the barony had been given by the Conqueror. " [1]

Alnwick Castle survives today and is the seat of His Grace The 12th Duke of Northumberland. William of Alnwick (d. 1449), was an early English divine, Bishop of Norwich (1426-1436), and of Lincoln (1436-1449), who was born at Alnwick in Northumberland, and from which he derived his name. [2]

Early History of the Alnwick family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Alnwick research. Another 126 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1069, 1230, 1455 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Alnwick History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Alnwick Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Alnwick were recorded, including Alnwick, Alnick, Annick, Annicke, Almwake, Alnwyk and others.

Early Notables of the Alnwick family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Alnwick Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Alnwick migration to the United States +

The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Alnwick arrived in North America very early:

Alnwick Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Edith Alnwick, aged 8, who immigrated to the United States from Blaydon, in 1901
  • Margaret Alnwick, aged 2, who immigrated to the United States from Blaydon, in 1901
  • Martha Alnwick, aged 33, who landed in America from Blaydon, in 1901
  • John J. Alnwick, aged 29, who settled in America from London, England, in 1909

Australia Alnwick migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Alnwick Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Richard Alnwick, English convict who was convicted in Northumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 18th June 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Alnwick (post 1700) +

  • Benjamin Robert "Ben" Alnwick (b. 1987), English football goalkeeper currently playing for Tottenham Hotspur


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th August 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/aurora


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