Aitken History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

In ancient Scotland, Aitken was a Strathclyde-Briton name for someone who lived in Lanarkshire.

Early Origins of the Aitken family

The surname Aitken was first found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where they originated in the old barony of Akyne. Some of the first records of the name were Atkyn de Barr in 1340 [1] and later in 1405, "John of Akyne, a Scottish merchant petitioned for the return of his ship and goods illegally seized in England." [2] The name and all it's variants are double diminutives of Adam, formed from 'Ad,' the diminutive of Adam + 'kin' [2]

Important Dates for the Aitken family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Aitken research. Another 121 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1405, 1482, 1497, 1520, 1613, 1687, 1676, 1680, 1687, 1613, 1654, 1613, 1642 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Aitken History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Aitken Spelling Variations

In Medieval times, spelling and translation were not nearly so highly developed as today. They were generally carried out according to the sound and intuition of the bearer. For that reason spelling variations are extremely common among early Scottish names. Aitken has been spelled Aitken, Aiken, Atkin, Atkins and others.

Early Notables of the Aitken family (pre 1700)

Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Aitken Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Aitken family to Ireland

Some of the Aitken family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 173 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Aitken migration to the United States

Unrest, poverty, and persecution caused thousands to look for opportunity and freedom in the North American colonies. The crossing was long, overcrowded, and unsanitary, though, and came only at great expense. Many Strathclyde families settled on the east coast of North America in communities that would form the backbone of what would become the great nations of the United States and Canada. The American War of Independence caused those who remained loyal to England to move north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In the 20th century, Strathclyde and other Scottish families across North America began to recover their collective heritage through highland games and Clan societies. Among them:

Aitken Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Aitken, aged 30, who landed in New York in 1744 [3]
  • Alexander Aitken, aged 17, who landed in New York in 1774 [3]
  • Robert Aitken, aged 18, who landed in New York, NY in 1774 [3]
  • Samuel Aitken, aged 24, who arrived in New York in 1774 [3]
  • James Aitken, who landed in America in 1775 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Aitken Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Aitken, aged 28, who arrived in New York in 1801 [3]
  • John Aitken, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1804 [3]
  • William Aitken, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1815 [3]
  • Robert Aitken, who landed in New York in 1830 [3]
  • Thomas Aitken, who landed in New York in 1839 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Aitken migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Aitken Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Charles Aitken, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • T Aitken, who landed in Sydney, Australia in 1839
  • James Aitken, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Glenswilly" in 1839 [5]
  • J.M.K. Aitken, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "John Woodall" in 1849 [6]
  • William Aitken, Scottish convict from from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Aitken migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Aitken Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Marjorie Aitken, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [8]
  • Mrs. Aitken, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [8]
  • Miss Aitken, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [8]
  • George Aitken, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "John Wickliffe" in 1848
  • George Aitken, aged 24, a farmer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Philip Laing" in 1848
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Aitken (post 1700)

  • Robert Ingersoll Aitken (1878-1949), American sculptor
  • Robert Grant Aitken (1864-1951), American astronomer
  • Wylie A. Aitken, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 2000 [9]
  • William B. Aitken, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 6th District, 1854-55 [9]
  • Robert P. Aitken (b. 1819), American Republican politician, Supervisor of Flint Township, Michigan; Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Genesee County 2nd District, 1865-68 [9]
  • Robert Aitken, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Mercer County, 1859 [9]
  • Judith Marvel Aitken (b. 1923), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Kansas, 1956 [9]
  • Edward Aitken, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Colombo, 1884 [9]
  • David Demerest Aitken (1853-1930), American Republican politician, U.S. Representative from Michigan 6th District, 1893-97; Mayor of Flint, Michigan, 1905-06 [9]
  • David C. Aitken, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Kings County 1st District, 1871-72 [9]
  • ... (Another 14 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Aitken family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. George Robertson  Aitken (1891-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Miss Jessie D.  Aitken (1902-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Norman Frederick K Aitken, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
  • Mr. James S Aitken, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
RMS Lusitania
  • Master James Jarvie Aitken Jr., Canadian 2nd Class passenger residing in Merritt, British Columbia, Canada returning with the family to Scotland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. James Jarvie Aitken Sr., Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Merritt, British Columbia, Canada returning with the family to Scotland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. James Aitken, Scottish 2nd Class passenger residing in Merritt, British Columbia, Canada returning to Scotland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [12]
  • Miss Christina Aitken, Scottish 2nd Class passenger residing in Merritt, British Columbia, Canada returning to Scotland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 1 or 3 [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) GLENSWILLY 1839 (also called DAWSONS). Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Glenswilly.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN WOODALL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849JohnWoodall.htm
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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