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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Aitchison family come from? What is the Scottish Aitchison family crest and coat of arms? When did the Aitchison family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Aitchison family history?

An ancient Strathclyde-Briton family from the Scottish/English Borderlands were the first to use the name Aitchison. They lived in Berwickshire.


Before the printing press standardized spelling in the last few hundred years, no general rules existed in the English language. Spelling variations in Scottish names from the Middle Ages are common even within a single document. Aitchison has been spelled Acheson, Acherson, Atcherson, Aitcheson, Aitchison, Atcheson, Achison and many more.

First found in Berwickshire an ancient county of Scotland, presently part of the Scottish Borders Council Area, located in the eastern part of the Borders Region of Scotland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Aitchison research. Another 153 words(11 lines of text) covering the years 1384, 1408, 1563, 1552, 1558, 1580, 1634, 1621, 1628, 1580, 1634, 1000, 1611, 1638, 1629, 1685, 1657, 1657, 1655, 1701, 1695, 1699, 1695, 1688, 1748, 1727, 1748 and 1728 are included under the topic Early Aitchison History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 77 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Aitchison Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Aitchison family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 355 words(25 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


For Scottish immigrants, the great expense of travel to North America did not seem such a problem in those unstable times. Acres of land awaited them and many got the chance to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. These Scots and their ancestors went on to play important roles in the forging of the great nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:

Aitchison Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Aitchison, aged 28, arrived in South Carolina in 1812
  • William Aitchison, who landed in New York in 1848
  • John Aitchison, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1856
  • William Alexander Aitchison, who arrived in Richmond, Va in 1860

Aitchison Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Andrew Aitchison who settled in Niagara, Lincoln county Ontario in 1852
  • William Aitchison who settled in Colchester county, Nova Scotia in 1875

Aitchison Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • James Aitchison arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839
  • Isabella Aitchison arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839
  • Mary Aitchison arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839
  • Elliott Aitchison arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839
  • Thomas Aitchison, aged 30, a shepherd, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Sultana"

Aitchison Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Oliver Aitchison landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Jane Gifford


  • James Aitchison (1920-1994), Scottish first class cricketer
  • Dominic Aitchison (b. 1976), Scottish bassist
  • James Edward Tierney Aitchison FRSE FRS FRCSE (1836-1898), Scottish surgeon and botanist, member of the Royal Society in 1883
  • Craigie Mason Aitchison KC (1882-1941), Lord Aitchison, Scottish politician and judge
  • John Ronald Craigie Aitchison CBE RSA RA (1926-2009), Scottish painter
  • Sir Charles Aitchison, English Army Lieutenant, 4th Baronet Aitchison, of Lemmington, Northumberland
  • James H. Aitchison (1908-1994), Canadian academic and politician and leader of the Nova Scotia New Democratic Party
  • Jean Aitchison, British linguist
  • Ronald Ernest Aitchison (b. 1921), Australian physicist
  • John Aitchison (b. 1926), Scottish statistician



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ane chast arbor
Motto Translation: One pure tree.


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  1. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  2. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  3. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  7. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  9. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  11. ...

The Aitchison Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Aitchison Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 April 2015 at 21:00.

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