Matheson History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Matheson comes from the ancient Dalriadan clans of Scotland's west coast and Hebrides islands. The name comes from the son of Matthew. In Gaelic, the name was spelled M'Mhathain or Mathanach. The latter names in Gaelic were probably derived from Mac Mhathghamhuin which means son of the bear. Indeed, early references of the name have reference to the Scottish bear.

Early Origins of the Matheson family

The surname Matheson was first found in the Scottish Highlands were they could be found in Lochalsh, Lochcarron and Kintail. They are said to descend from Gilleoin of the ancient and royal house of Lorne. They gave their allegiance to the Clan MacDonald, the Lord of the Isles. Kenneth MacMathan (Cormac Mac Mathian) was the constable of Eilean Donan castle and is recorded in most accounts of the invasion of King Haakon IV of Norway against Scotland in the 13th century. One accounts suggests that McMathan and his clansmen fought under the Earl of Ross, defeating Haaken at Largs in 1263. There is a record of Kermac Macmaghan in Inverness, receiving 20 cows from the Earl of Ross in 1264.

Important Dates for the Matheson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Matheson research. Another 418 words (30 lines of text) covering the years 1263, 1400, 1411, 1427, 1498, 1514, 1427, 1600, 1539, 1570, 1631, 1688, 1715, 1719, 1820, 1851, 1683, 1796, 1878, 1851 and 1963 are included under the topic Early Matheson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Matheson Spelling Variations

The translation of Gaelic names in the Middle Ages was not a task undertaken with great care. Records from that era show an enormous number of spelling variations, even in names referring to the same person. Over the years Matheson has appeared as Mathieson, MacMaghan, MacMathan MacMaken, Mathie, Mann and many more.

Early Notables of the Matheson family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Margaret Matson, one of two women tried in Philadelphia for witchcraft in 1683; Sir James Nicolas Sutherland Matheson (1796-1878), born in Shiness, Lairg, who made a great fortune in the opium trade, and was created the 1st Baronet of Lewis in 1851. His family proceeded to buy the former Clan territories: James Matheson...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Matheson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Matheson family to Ireland

Some of the Matheson family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Matheson migration to the United States

Many of the ancestors of Dalriadan families who arrived in North America still live in communities along the east coast of Canada and the United States. In the American War of Independence many of the original settlers traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the ancestors of many Scots began recovering their collective national heritage through Clan societies, highland games, and other patriotic events. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Matheson or a variant listed above:

Matheson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Alexander Matheson, who arrived in Boston in 1736
  • Farquhar Matheson, who arrived in America in 1774
  • Hugh Matheson, who settled in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
  • Hugh and Kathrine Matheson, who settled in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
  • Hugh Matheson, aged 32, who arrived in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Matheson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Rodk Matheson, who landed in South Carolina in 1811 [1]
  • Duncan Matheson, who landed in Georgia in 1811 [1]
  • Murdoch Matheson, aged 22, who arrived in Georgia in 1812 [1]
  • William Matheson, who arrived in Georgia in 1850 [1]
  • Donald Matheson, who arrived in Mississippi in 1892 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Matheson Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Alexander Carmichael Matheson, aged 38, who immigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1907
  • Alexander Matheson, aged 44, who settled in America from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1911
  • Alexandrina Matheson, aged 21, who landed in America from Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1912
  • Adam George Matheson, aged 22, who settled in America from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1918
  • Aeneas Matheson, aged 19, who landed in America from Lockinvar, Scotland, in 1923

Matheson migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Matheson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Charles Matheson, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • John Matheson, who settled in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • William Matheson, who settled in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Ann Matheson, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Charles Matheson, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1773
Matheson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Dugald Matheson, who settled in Canada in 1809
  • Alexander Matheson, who landed in Churchill Factory, Canada in 1813
  • John Matheson, who landed in Churchill Factory, Canada in 1813
  • Angus Matheson, aged 30, who arrived in Canada in 1815
  • Helen Matheson, aged 21, who landed in Canada in 1815
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Matheson migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Matheson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Maxwell Matheson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Competitor" in 1848 [2]
  • Henry Matheson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849 [3]
  • James Matheson, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Anglia" [4]
  • John Matheson, aged 23, a ploughman, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Macedon" [5]
  • James Matheson, aged 27, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Shackamaxon" [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Matheson migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Matheson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. J. Matheson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mr. Angus Matheson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mr. Duncan Matheson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mr. George Matheson, Scottish labourer from Lybster travelling from Leith aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 8th January 1858 [7]
  • Miss Betty Matheson, (b. 1828), aged 30, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Strathfieldsaye" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 29th April 1858 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Matheson (post 1700)

  • John Ross Matheson OC, CD (1917-2013), Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician; he was assigned by Prime Minister Lester Pearson to develop a new Canadian flag and the Order of Canada
  • Ivan Mack Matheson (1926-2016), American politician and farmer, Member of the Utah Senate (1977-1988)
  • Roderick Nicol Matheson (1824-1862), American commanding officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • Richard Burton Matheson (1926-2013), American author and screenwriter, probably best known for his work "I am Legend" and his Twilight Zone screenplays, recipient of the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement in 1984 and the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement
  • Timothy Lewis "Tim" Matheson (b. 1947), American actor, director, and producer, best known for his role in the 1978 comedy National Lampoon's Animal House
  • Scott Milne Matheson (1929-1990), American politician, 12th Governor of Utah (1977-1985)
  • Max Matheson, American Chemist
  • Mac C. Matheson, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Arizona 2nd District, 1960 [8]
  • L. Keith Matheson, American Republican politician, Elected New Hampshire State House of Representatives from Center Harbor 1956 [8]
  • John Hubbard Matheson (b. 1908), American Republican politician, Rock County District Attorney, 1935-40 [8]
  • ... (Another 18 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Matheson family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. John Robert  Matheson (1868-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. Albert C.  Matheson (1871-1917), English Warrant Officer aboard the HMCS Niobe from Todmorden, England, United Kingdom who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. Clifford Harold  Matheson (1893-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Miss Catherine  Matheson (1916-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
HMAS Sydney II

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) COMPETITOR 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Competitor.gif
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CROMWELL 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Cromwell.htm
  4. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ANGLIA 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/anglia1852.shtml
  5. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 11 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MACEDON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/macedon1853.shtml
  6. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/shackamaxon1853.shtml.
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 19) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  10. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
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