Hardwicke History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestry of the name Hardwicke dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in the village of Hardwick near Ashton-cum-Aughton in the county of Yorkshire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word heordewic, when translated refers to the person who dwelled near a sheep farm.

Early Origins of the Hardwicke family

The surname Hardwicke was first found in Yorkshire. Some of the family held estates at Ault-Hucknall in Derbyshire in early times. "The manor of Hardwicke lies on the south side of the parish, and on the border of Nottinghamshire, from which it is separated by the river Meden or Mayden. It was granted by King John, in 1203, to Andrew de Beauchamp: the Hardwickes possessed it for six generations; and Elizabeth, daughter of John Hardwicke, Esq., brought it to Sir William Cavendish. The present Hall of Hardwicke was built by the Countess of Shrewsbury in the reign of Elizabeth; its situation is exceedingly picturesque and beautiful, standing in a fine park containing 621 acres of land, embellished with venerable oaks of most gigantic size. " [1]

The hamlet of Kytes-Hardwick has an eponymous significance to the family. "The family of 'Herdwick,' a branch of the 'Hastangs,' took their name from this place, and some of them are supposed to have resided here. John de Herdwick, in the time of Edward III., held several offices of distinction, and in the first of Richard II. was one of the justices of the peace for the city of Coventry. Another John de Herdwick aided Richmond, afterwards Henry VII., at the battle of Bosworth-Field, and, it is said, by his good conduct as a guide to the army, got the earl the advantage in that fight 'of the ground, winde, and sunne.' The manor, at this period called Herdwick-Grembald, was conveyed by him, in marriage with one of his daughters, to William Dingley." [1]

Important Dates for the Hardwicke family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hardwicke research. Another 50 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1527, 1608, 1525, 1580 and 1599 are included under the topic Early Hardwicke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hardwicke Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Hardwicke have been found, including Hardwick, Hardwicke, Hartwick, Hartwicke and others.

Early Notables of the Hardwicke family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Elizabeth Talbot (nee Hardwick) (1527-1608), Countess of Shrewsbury, also known as Bess of Hardwick. She was daughter of John Hardwick of Derbyshire by his wife Elizabeth Leeke. The Hardwicks had arrived in Derbyshire from Sussex by the mid thirteenth century and farmed land granted by Robert Savage, lord of...
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hardwicke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hardwicke migration to the United States

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Hardwicke, or a variant listed above:

Hardwicke Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Hardwicke, who settled in New England in 1762

Hardwicke migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hardwicke Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Fred Hardwicke, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in New Zealand in 1851 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hardwicke (post 1700)

  • Catherine Hardwicke (b. 1955), American production designer and film director
  • Edward Hardwicke (1932-2011), English film, television, and stage actor, best known for his portrayal of Dr. Watson in the Granada TV series Sherlock Holmes
  • Major-General Thomas Hardwicke (1755-1835), English soldier and naturalist, known for his work in India from 1777 to 1823, upon his return to England he co-wrote the publication of Illustrations of Indian Zoology (1830-35)
  • Sir Cedric Webster Hardwicke (1893-1964), noted English stage and film actor
  • Frederick Hardwicke Knight (1911-2008), prominent New Zealand (British born) author and photographer
  • Hardwicke Rawnsley (1851-1920), English clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and conservationist

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
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