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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Irish, Scottish


The roots of the name Crosby are found among the Strathclyde-Briton people of the ancient Scottish/English Borderlands. Crosby was originally found in Wigtown and Dumfriesshire. The place-name Crosby is derived from the Old Norse words kross and byr, which mean cross and farm.

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The surname Crosby was first found in Wigtownshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhaile na h-Uige), formerly a county in southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

In the era before dictionaries, there were no rules governing the spelling or translation of names or any other words. Consequently, there are an enormous number of spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names. Crosby has appeared as Crosby, Crosseby, Crosbie, Crossby, Corsby and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crosby research. Another 377 words (27 lines of text) covering the years 1178, 1180, 1189, 1215, 1289, 1296, 1347, 1440, 1593, 1546 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Crosby History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Crosby Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Crosby family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The freedom, opportunity, and land of the North American colonies beckoned. There, Scots found a place where they were generally free from persecution and where they could go on to become important players in the birth of new nations. Some fought in the American War of Independence, while others went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of these Scottish settlers have been able to recover their lost national heritage in the last century through highland games and Clan societies in North America. Among them:

Crosby Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Simon Crosby came in the "Susan and Ellen" sailing ship in 1635 and settled in Braintree, he became a freeman in 1636. His son, also named Simon, became the first innholder in Billerica
  • Marmaduke Crosby, aged 28, arrived in Barbados in 1635
  • Simon Crosby, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1635
  • Symon Crosby, aged 26, landed in America in 1635
  • Tho Crosby, who arrived in Virginia in 1637


Crosby Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Joshua Crosby, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746
  • Thomas Crosby, who landed in America in 1760-1763
  • Patrick Crosby, aged 19, landed in Pennsylvania in 1775

Crosby Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • James Crosby, who arrived in New York in 1801
  • Neal Crosby, aged 24, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Mathew Crosby, who landed in New York, NY in 1817
  • Mr. Crosby, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1821
  • Peter Crosby, who arrived in New York in 1822


Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Abigal Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Barnett Crosby, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Josiah Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Wm Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750

Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Wintrope Crosby, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Israel Crosby, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Chancy Crosby, who landed in Canada in 1834

Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century


  • B Crosby, who landed in St John New Brunswick in 1907
  • Mrs. Crosby, who landed in St John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • Mrs. R Crosby, who landed in St John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • O Crosby, who arrived in St John, New Brunswick in 1907

Crosby Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Charles Crosby arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1839
  • Daniel Crosby arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Planter" in 1839
  • Charles Crosby arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
  • M.H. Crosby arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cromwell" in 1849
  • Michael Crosby arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Emily" in 1849


Crosby Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • David Crosby landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • Robert Crosby arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • George Crosby, aged 18, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874

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  • B.J. Crosby (1952-2015), born Joanne Crayton, an American Tony Award nominated jazz vocalist, singer, and actress, best known for her performance in the musical, Smokey Joe's Cafe
  • Mrs. Catherine Elizabeth Crosby, (née Halstead), aged 64, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 7
  • Miss Harriette Rebecca Crosby, aged 39, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 7
  • Captain Edward Crosby (d. 1912), aged 70, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
  • Robert Edward Crosby (b. 1980), American Major League Baseball infielder, Rookie of the Year in 2004
  • Percy Leo Crosby (1891-1964), American author, illustrator and cartoonist best known for his popular comic strip Skippy
  • Kathryn Crosby (b. 1933), born Olive Kathryn Grandstaff, an American actress and singer, wife of Bing Crosby
  • Denise Michelle Crosby (b. 1957), American actress, best known for portraying Security Chief Tasha Yar in Star Trek: The Next Generation, granddaughter of Bing Crosby
  • Mary Frances Crosby (b. 1959), American actress, best known for her role as Kristin Shepard in the television series Dallas (1979–1981), daughter of Bing Crosby
  • George Robert "Bob" Crosby (1913-1993), American Swing music singer and Dixieland bandleader, father of Bing Crosby

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  • Ancestors and Descendants of Timothy Crosby, Jr. by Paul Wesley Prindle.
  • Crosby, a Pictorial History and Genealogy by Samuel N. Crosby.
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  1. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  2. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  3. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  4. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  6. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  7. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  8. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  9. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  10. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 1 April 2016 at 12:18.

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