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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Craig family come from? What is the Scottish Craig family crest and coat of arms? When did the Craig family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Craig family history?

The Pictish clans of ancient Scotland were the ancestors of first people to use the name Craig. The name was found in Aberdeen (part of the modern Grampian region), and other shires across Scotland. The Craig surname is derived Scottish Gaelic word creag, meaning "a rock" which became the Scottish word "craig." Craig is parish in Forfarshire which was "formerly called Inchbrayock, the 'island of trout,' by which name an island of thirty-four Scotch acres within the parish is still known. Craig was at that time only the designation of one of the chief estates, and it is supposed that, when the place of worship was transferred from the island to the property of Craig on the continental part of the district, the name of Craig, which is naturally derived from the rocky nature of the shore, was extended to the whole of the parish." [1]

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In the Middle ages, spelling and translation were not yet regulated by any general rules. spelling variations in names were common even among members of one family unit. Craig has appeared Craig, Craigh, Creag, Creagh and others.

First found in Aberdeenshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Obar Dheathain), a historic county, and present day Council Area of Aberdeen, located in the Grampian region of northeastern Scotland. This northern Clan was frequently associated with the Gordons, but their first records appeared in Ayrshire and Lanarkshire to the south about 1180. One of the first records of the name was Johannes del Crag who was witness to a charter by William the Lion. Later, Robertus de Crag witnessed a charter by Alexander II.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craig research. Another 259 words(18 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1296, 1300, 1335, 1440, 1538, 1608, 1620, 1663 and 1731 are included under the topic Early Craig History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 109 words(8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Craig Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Craig family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 147 words(10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Faced by this persecution and the generally unstable political climate of those days, many Scots chose to leave their homeland for Ireland, Australia, and North America in search of greater opportunity and freedom. The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. Passengers arrived sick and poor, but those who made it intact often found land and more tolerant societies in which to live. These brave settlers formed the backbone of the burgeoning nations of Canada and the United States. It is only this century that the ancestors of these families have begun to recover their collective identity through the patriotic highland games and clan societies that have sprung up throughout North America. Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name Craig:

  • Alexander, Ann, David, George, Hector, Hugh, James, John, Margaret, Mary, Michael, Patrick, Robert, Samuel, Thomas and William Craig, arrived in Philadelphia in the first half of the 19th century

Craig Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Magnus Craig, who arrived in Virginia in 1713
  • Hugh Craig, who landed in New England in 1729-1730
  • Mary McLellan Craig, who arrived in New England in 1729-1730
  • George Craig, who landed in America in 1760-1763
  • Margaret Craig, who landed in South Carolina in 1772


Craig Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Richard Craig, who landed in America in 1803
  • William Craig who settled in Charleston with his wife Mary and servants in 1803
  • Margt Craig, aged 36, arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1803
  • David Craig, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1805
  • Samuel Craig, who landed in America in 1805


Craig Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Mr. Christopher Craig U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783
  • Mr. Christopher Craig U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783
  • Mr. David Craig, "Craige" U.E who settled in Chamcook [St Andrews] Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he served in the 74th Regiment and is listed as a Loyalist of Passamaquoddy New Brunswick
  • Mr. James Craig U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783
  • Mr. James Craig U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783


Craig Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Sam Craig, who arrived in Canada in 1816
  • John Craig, aged 27, a merchant, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the barque "Frederick" from Liverpool
  • Ruth Craig, aged 48, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • Joseph Craig, aged 10, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • Eleanor Craig, aged 24, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834


Craig Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Lindsay Craig arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837
  • John Craig arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838
  • Catherine Craig arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838
  • Vivian Craig arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Branken Moor" in 1840


Craig Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Craig landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Craig landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841
  • James Craig, aged 40, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • Agnes Craig, aged 39, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • John Craig, aged 19, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841


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  • Yvonne Joyce Craig (1937-2015), American ballet dancer and actress best known for her role as Batgirl from the 1960s TV series Batman and as the Orion slave girl Marta in the Star Trek
  • William Craig (1807-1869), American frontiersman and trapper
  • General Malin Craig (1875-1945), American Chief of Staff US Army (1935-1939)
  • Major-General Louis Aleck Craig (1891-1984), American Inspector-General of the Army (1948-1952)
  • Lieutenant-General Howard Arnold Craig (1897-1977), American Inspector General, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. (1949-1952)
  • Brigadier-General Charles Frost Craig (1895-1982), American Chief of Staff 37th Division
  • Harmon Craig (1926-2003), American geochemist awarded the Balzan Prize for Geochemistry in 1998
  • William Lane Craig (b. 1918), American Emeritus professor of Philosophy at University of California
  • Roger Lee Craig (b. 1930), American former pitcher, coach and manager in Major League Baseball
  • Judy Craig (b. 1946), American lead singer of The Chiffons

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  • Craig: A Genealogy of the Descendants of James Craig and Mary Blake by Daniel Turner.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vive ut vivas
Motto Translation: Live that you may live for ever

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Craig Clan Badge
Craig Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Craig
Craig, Craiggs, Craigh, Cregg and more.

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  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  2. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  3. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  4. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  5. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  6. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  7. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  8. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  9. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  10. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  11. ...

The Craig Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Craig Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 August 2015 at 14:09.

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