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The name Claxton is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in Claxton, a small village in the county of Durham. It is generally believed that a branch of the Norman family of Heriz, settled here and assumed the local name. The surname is derived from the Old English word clacs-tun which literally means those who lived near the clayey soil.

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The surname Claxton was first found in Durham where it is believed the first reference of the name was found. There are three other listings of the place name in the Domesday Book: Claxton, or Long Clawson (Clachestone) in Leicestershire, Claxton (Clakestona, Clarestona) in Norfolk, and Claxton (Claxtorp) in North Yorkshire. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
In Norfolk, Claxton Castle was built in 1333 in the village of Claxton, but it was largely demolished in the 17th century to build Claxton Hall. Today, Claxton is also a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England.

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Claxton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Claxton include: Claxton, Claxon, Klaxon, Klaxton and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Claxton research. Another 209 words (15 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Claxton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Claxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North Ameri ca. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Claxton or a variant listed above:

Claxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Abraham Claxton who settled in Bermuda in 1635
  • Edward Claxton, who landed in Maryland in 1639
  • Bryan Claxton, who arrived in Maryland in 1669

Claxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Richard Claxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1704
  • John and Sarah Claxton settled in Maryland in 1739
  • John Claxton, who arrived in Maryland in 1740
  • George Claxton settled in New England in 1767

Claxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Claxton, who landed in New York in 1845

Claxton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Robert Claxton, aged 20, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar"

Claxton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Claxton, aged 38, a tailor, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • Hannah Claxton, aged 36, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • Rebecca Claxton, aged 8, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • Frank Claxton, aged 1, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
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  • William Claxton (1927-2008), American photographer
  • Thomas Claxton (1790-1813), American officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812, eponym USS Claxton (DD-140) and USS Claxton (DD-571)
  • Craig "Speedy" Claxton (b. 1978), American basketball player
  • Rozelle Claxton (1913-1995), American jazz pianist
  • Philander Claxton (1862-1957), American educator, United States Commissioner of Education
  • Kate Claxton (1848-1924), born Kate Elizabeth Cone, American actress
  • Jimmy Claxton (1892-1970), Canadian Afro-American baseball pitcher
  • Francis S. Claxton, American politician, U.S. Consul in Moscow, 1857-61
  • E. C. Claxton, American Democrat politician, Chair of Wright County Democratic Party, 1939
  • B. A. Claxton, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Missouri State House of Representatives from Wright County, 1936
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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  2. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  3. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  6. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  7. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  8. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  9. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  10. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 6 August 2016 at 00:38.

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